psy320-n - February 26, 2008 PSY320 Research Generalizing...

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February 26, 2008 PSY320 Research Generalizing Animals to Humans In general, the advantage of studying animals is that we can control the environment more with animals, we can also perform more experiments. With humans there are more variables affecting them as well as more ethical considerations. It is sometimes useful to make scientific generalizations using animals because they are easier to study than humans. For example, Bevins (2001) introduced a study on cocaine and novelty. The design of this experiment had a chamber with some novel stimulus and one with out. The subjects were given cocaine and then observed to see if there was a correlation between cocaine and choosing to be in the environment with a novel stimulus. Here it is important to note that the subjects were of course rats. It would be very difficult and undesirable to do a similar experiment set up with humans because of ethical issues. Therefore, we are forced to make generalizations based on what animals do. Another example in which animal observation comes
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psy320-n - February 26, 2008 PSY320 Research Generalizing...

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