L17 - substance use, part 2

L17 - substance use, part 2 - Criticisms of the disease...

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Today’s overview Finish alcohol and hallucinogens Start theories and treatments
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Alcohol statistics Prevalence Gender differences Ethnicity differences Age Comorbidity Risk factors
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Use of alcohol in last month 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 12-17 18-25 26-34 35 and up MEN WOMEN White Hispanic Black
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Use of alcohol in past month, ages 12-20 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 White Black Native American Asian Hispanic
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Hallucinogens General effects LSD PCP Marijuana Ecstasy Beneficial use of these drugs?
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Use of Illegal Substances in Past Year 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 12-17 18-25 26-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-64 65+ Age Group Percent
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Biological approaches Behavioral genetics Type 1 and Type 2 susceptibility ALDH2 gene Biochemistry Dopamine theory Alcohol and serotonin Opiates and endorphins
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Biological treatments Antabuse (disulfiram) Methadone Revia Other psychotropic medications
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The disease model Historical antecedents
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Unformatted text preview: Criticisms of the disease model Related treatments – Goal of treatment – The Minnesota model – 12-step approaches Behavioral approaches Context-dependent hypothesis Stress-reduction hypothesis Role of positive reinforcement Behavioral treatment – Aversive conditioning – Contingency management Cognitive approaches Expectancies Cognitive-behavioral treatments – Relapse prevention – Controlled use Motivational interviewing Other approaches Interpersonal approach Sociocultural approach Psychodynamic approach Looking ahead Next Monday – Sexual and gender disorders – RR Ch 16 due Next Wednesday – Personality disorders, part 1 – RR Ch 12 due The following Monday – Memoir papers due!!...
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