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Paper 1 - John Abrusci PHRU 1000 Philosophy of Human Nature...

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John Abrusci PHRU 1000 Philosophy of Human Nature Paper #1: Defending Theism Defeating the Problem of Evil In this paper, I will defend theism against Mackie’s Problem of Evil by disproving the premise that evil exists. I will proceed with a two-step method. First, I will discuss Mackie’s Problem of Evil and explain the argument that he puts forth. Then, I will explain my argument against Mackie’s problem and provide proof that evil does not exist in the sense that he explains it. In order to solve the Problem of Evil, one must first understand the problem posed by Mackie. The Problem of Evil, as Mackie presents it, is that God is wholly good and omnipotent, yet evil exists. By definition, a good thing always destroys evil as far as possible. An omnipotent thing is limitless in its power, and therefore, can do anything that it wishes to do. According to Mackie, since a good thing always destroys an evil thing, and an omnipotent thing has no limits to what it can do, a good omnipotent thing would not allow for any form of evil to exist. Therefore, that a wholly good, omnipotent thing exists, and that evil also exists simultaneously, contradict each other. 1 This poses a problem to the theist: either God is not wholly good or omnipotent, or evil does not exist. However, it is arguable that perhaps evil is not a positive, concrete thing, specifically created by God, but instead, a privation of goodness, and that it is necessary for the existence of some good in the world.
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