socialguidetwo-1 - Spring 2008 Test Two Study Guide Social...

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Spring 2008 Test Two Study Guide Social Psychology Self and Gender o different types of selves (personal/social, real/possible, object/actor personal o social identity continuum - how this concept is related to threat to self. o terror management theory - how is it related to level of group identification? o Note that threats to one’s world view increase death thought accessibility . o How the salience of death affects sexual attraction between men and women ? women's sexual allure threatens to increase men's awareness of their corporeality and thus mortality o Accordingly, in Study 1 a subliminal mortality prime decreased men's but not women's attractiveness ratings of alluring women. In Study 2, mortality salience (MS) led men to downplay their sexual intent toward a sexy woman. In Study 3, MS decreased men's interest in a seductive but not a wholesome woman. In Study 4, MS decreased men's but not women's attraction to a sexy opposite-sex target. In Study 5, MS and a corporeal lust prime increased men's tolerance of aggression toward women. Discussion focuses on mortality concerns and male sexual ambivalence. o How are effective people able to shift self focus ? o give some examples of the self reference effect . o define the five core social motives . o What is the difference between high and low self monitoring - how might these differences affect behavior? o While high self esteem is generally good, what are some examples of when a person of high self esteem might get into trouble? o examples of symptoms of narcissistic personality disorder . o Why are social psychologists who study self esteem concerned about this type of clinical problem? o identify instances in which downward or upward comparison increases self esteem. o Why might downward comparison be helpful to people in support groups for those with serious chronic diseases? o What are typical changes in self esteem from childhood to adolescence , especially for girls , and how does Carol Gilligan explain gender differences in adolescent self esteem ? o Why does a sense of self efficacy increase motivation to engage in healthy behaviors ? o the best way to increase a sense of self efficacy? o identify the different types of self efficacy and to explain why a sense of self efficacy is important in reducing problem behaviors among adolescents . o
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socialguidetwo-1 - Spring 2008 Test Two Study Guide Social...

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