Schaefer Chapter 1-9:7 - Shaefer Chapter One Pages 9-34...

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Shaefer: Chapter One 9/7/2016Pages 9-34What is Sociology?Sociology is the scientific study of social behavior and human groups. The Sociological Imaginationa)Sociological imagination is an awareness of the relationship between and individualand the wider society, both today and in the past.b) A key element to sociological imagination is the ability to view one’s own society as anoutsider would, rather than only from the perspective of personal experiences andcultural biases.Sociology and the Social Sciencesa) science refers to the body of knowledge obtained by methods based on systematic observation. b) natural science is the study of the physical features of nature and the ways in which they interact and change. Ex) astronomy, biology, chemistry, geology, physicsc) social science is the study of the social features of humans and the ways in which theyinteract and change. Ex) sociology, anthropology, economics history, psychology, and political scienced) Sociologists study the influence that society has on people’s attitudes and behavior and the ways in which people interact and shape society.Sociology and Common Sense
d) Sociologists rely on scientific studies in order to describe and understand a social environment. What is Sociological Theory?a) In sociology, a theory is a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, orbehavior. b) an effective theory may be able to see the relationships among seemingly isolated phenomena, as well as to understand how one type of change in an environment leads to other changes. c) Durkheim’s research suggested that suicide, although it is a solitary act, is related to group life. d) Durkheim concluded that the suicide rates of society reflected the extent to which people were or were not integrated into the group life of the society. a) Auguste Comte- accredited with being the most influential of the philosophers of the early 1800s, believed that a theoretical science of society and a systematic investigation
The Development of SociologyEarly thinkers
of behavior were needed to improve society. He coined the term sociology to apply to the science of human behavior. b) Harriet Martineau- her book, Society in America, examined religion, politics, child rearing, and immigration in the young nation. It gave special notice to class distinctions

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