Chapter Five

Chapter Five - Chapter 5 The Mechanical Philosophy I. The...

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Chapter 5 – The Mechanical Philosophy I. The Scholastic Aristotelian A. Scholastic natural philosophy deals with many questions of the physical world B. Aristotelianism dealt with Ptolemaic astronomy and Galenic medicine C. Gives a unity of approach to the nature of the physical world D. Scholastic Aristotelianism was replaced by mechanical philosophy by the end of the century II. Mechanical Philosophy defines the start of the Scientific Revolution A. Defined by a restricted range of explanation principles 1. Phenomena are explained in terms of the mechanical discipline of mechanics - shape, size, quantity and motion B. Workings of the natural world explained by analogy with machinery C. Objects have hidden qualities D. Bodies are made up of invisible small atoms E. Ancient atomist philosophies of Democritus and Epicurus are inspiration of mechanical philosophy F. Some mechanists believed the atom was divisible III. Aristotelian Tradition A. Increasing change of chemical awareness in the Renaissance 1. Substances were composed of “minima naturalia” B. Particles have a fixed size C. Aristotle’s Books 1. Le Monde (1633) 2.Principa Philosophiae (1644)
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course COMM 102 taught by Professor Latzoo during the Spring '08 term at Duquesne.

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Chapter Five - Chapter 5 The Mechanical Philosophy I. The...

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