Class Presentation Afghanistan

Class Presentation Afghanistan - AFGHANISTAN: A SUCCESSFUL...

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AFGHANISTAN: A SUCCESSFUL INVASION? by: Brandon C. Carson Shaping of the Modern World CORE 151-05 Dr. Anthony Joseph February 19, 2008
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Brandon C. Carson AFGHANISTAN: A SUCCESSFUL INVASION? In order to fully understand the importance of Afghanistan to the US, the history of the region must be discussed in order to fully comprehend the significance of acquiring this region. Afghanistan is a land that has been fought over for centuries. Its strategic position in the Middle East makes it a valuable area to control. Central Asia has always been an area of interest for major world powers because it serves as a gateway from Europe to the Far East. Because of this feature, Afghanistan became a battleground between Great Britain and Russia for control of the area (www.worldatlas.com). The British invaded Afghanistan twice, in 1838 and 1849. They wanted to control the area because it was a buffer state between the Russian and British control of India. Afghanistan was a key determining factor in who would control Central Asia. After accepting its independence from Britain, Afghanistan was then taken over by Russia in 1979. The Soviets remained in control of Afghanistan for nearly ten years, but after the soviet occupation ended in 1989, Afghanistan was left without a stable form of government. Within three years the mujahedeen, an Islamic militant group, had taken political control of the country, only to give way to the Taliban. The Taliban was a Muslim military group that followed a very strict, radical interpretation of the Quran. The Taliban since then has developed a cooperation with Osama Bin Laden and his Al-Qaida Group (www.state.gov). The Taliban is an organization that claims to be trying to establish Shari'a Law, or Islamic Law. They preach a strict, radical interpretation of the Quran. Sometimes their approach to instating this law takes on a form of ethnic cleansing, targeting the Shi' a 2
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Brandon C. Carson minority and other ethnic groups in Afghanistan. The Taliban also dislikes many Western nations, especially the United States. Since the US supports Israel, a state in contempt with the Muslim world, they view the United States, and any other country that supports Israel, as an enemy to Islam, and therefore the primary reason for their cause (Rashid). The attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001 shocked the world. Early in the morning, an airplane crashed into one of the two World Trade Center towers. At this time, America watched in horror thinking that this one event was the worst thing that could happen in America. Unfortunately, it was not! About twenty minutes later, a second plane crashed into the other tower, and they both fell to the ground. This, however, was not the only things that happened. Throughout the morning, two more planes crashed on American soil. One of these planes flew straight into the Pentagon, which houses American defense headquarters. The other plane was heading for another building, but it crashed in rural Pennsylvania. These planes were taken over by Islamic
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course HIST 151 taught by Professor Joseph during the Spring '08 term at Duquesne.

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Class Presentation Afghanistan - AFGHANISTAN: A SUCCESSFUL...

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