Chapter Six

Chapter Six - Religion and Science Chapter 6 Outline: I....

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Religion and Science Chapter 6 Outline : I. Religion and science were always seen as “butting heads”. a. Galileo was arrested because his ideas went against the church. b. The church would not approve of Copernicus’ book “until it was corrected” II. The Condemnation of Galileo and his ideas (Copernicanism) was the result of many specific factors. a. He made many enemies and was often arrogant in his writing ( Dialogue on the Two Chief World Systems ) b. Galileo often spoke out in public about his ideas. i. He thought that Copernicanism was compatible with interpretations of the Bible. c. This was during the time of the counter-reforming Catholic Church and they were trying to restrict interpretation of the Bible. III. What happened to Galileo happened because of the circumstances not because of the church-science relationship. a. Many went forward in the Scientific Revolution but with God in mind. i. Kepler ii. Francis Bacon iii. Rene Descartes iv. Robert Boyle v. Isaac Newton vi. Gottfried Wilhem Leibniz IV. Religious devotion was very important in motivation and shaping early modern science. a. One aspect of God’s relationship with the physical world is the nature of force and activity of bodies. i. Many Greek philosophers, Boyle and Newton thought that God’s existence was proved thought the motion of atoms. ii. Descartes assumed that matter was completely passive and inert. 1. Believed that God set matter in motion during creation. 2. This also goes with the laws of nature (conservation laws and laws of impact) 3. Many believed that Descates ideas were enough to prove that God existed because something had to start the earth. a. Unlike Aristotle who thought that the earth was always there, and if there was no beginning then there was no need for God. iii. Nicolas Malebrenche was an influential Oratorian priest and preached that God was the cause of everything. 1. occasionalism - God is the only cause at work in the world.
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iv. Leibniz went against this thought that believed that all bodies are the source of their own activity. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course COMM 102 taught by Professor Latzoo during the Spring '08 term at Duquesne.

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Chapter Six - Religion and Science Chapter 6 Outline: I....

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