Restorative Justice

Restorative Justice - Restorative Justice for Juvenile...

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Restorative Justice for Juvenile Offenders: An Alternate Form of Sentencing Stephen J Durant Professor Gebo December 12 th 2007
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Durant 2 There are five stated goals in the Criminal Justice System. The first goal is retribution. Retribution is a type of justice where the offender receives punishment equal to the crime they committed. The second goal of the Criminal Justice System is restitution. Restitution is a type of punishment where the offender offers repayment to the victim of victims for their losses. This type of punishment is typically used in non- violent property crimes and burglary. The third goal is rehabilitation. Rehabilitation is where the offender is placed in treatment programs to help them realize their crimes and fix them through medical and psychological rehabilitation. The final goal of the Criminal Justice System is deterrence. Deterrence is used by police and law makers to prevent future crime through punishment or the threat of punishment. All of these goals are working toward the ultimate goal of the Criminal Justice System which is to eliminate or reduce criminal activity. Within these types of punishment are three distinct sentencing structures. The first type is Intermediate Sentencing. Intermediate sentencing is the most common type of sentencing. This structure gives discretionary sentencing means to the judge and members of the courtroom workgroup. They are allowed to make different decisions on the type of sentencing based upon individual cases. They are also allowed to take into account legal and extra-legal factors surrounding the case. The second type of sentencing structure is structured sentencing. This type of sentencing is based upon mandatory sentencing laws. The Criminal Justice System issues a set of standards or guidelines for punishment based on specific crimes regardless of legal and extra-legal factors. The third type of sentencing is Restorative Justice. Restorative Justice is a type
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Durant 3 of sentencing where the victim and the offender meet to discuss the crime that was committed. The victim can be either an individual or members of the community. The victim or victims will convey their concerns and questions about why the crime was committed. This type of sentencing is effective because it puts a personal value on a crime where the offender can see that the crime they have committed has impaired the victim or victims. I believe that restorative justice is a type of policy that should be considered in more cases to help rehabilitate criminals. There are several different components of a successful criminal justice policy. The first component of a successful policy is problem identification. A problem within the community is defined through both governmental and media sources. The government defines the problem through research and statistical evaluation. The media defines problems through story coverage of growing criminal activities. The second component is agenda building. All members working toward the creation of a new policy
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course SOC 420 taught by Professor Gebo during the Spring '08 term at Suffolk.

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Restorative Justice - Restorative Justice for Juvenile...

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