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Forced Integration of American Indians While most minority groups faced segregation, we will see the reverse for American Indians, official policies will try to forcibly integrate Indians, who, for the most part, want to be left alone to maintain their own culture. The Indian Boarding Schools were the primary agents of this forced integration. Children were ripped from the arms of their parents and often sent many, many miles away to schools (like the Carlisle School in Pennsylvania which the famous athlete Jim Thorpe attended) where they werepunished for speaking their native languages or acting in any way like Indians and where they were forced to undergo deculturalization. Why do focus on the young? They are more easily malleable. If youprevent the youth from learning their native traditions and languages, you are effectively killing a culture. Look at the picture of these three boys; they are the same boys, before and after. The first picture was taken on the day they arrived at the Indian school and they are dressed in their native garb. The second picture was taken a few years after their arrival, after they had been remade. There was a common saying of the religious reformers who ran the schools, “Kill the Indian to save the man.” This is the face of cultural genocide.Another way to force Indian assimilation was to break up the big reservations. With the closing of the frontier, more and more settlers come to the Plains and Congress responded with the Dawes Severalty Act. This Act broke up the reservations by providing individual allotments of about 160 acres to the heads of households, replacing the previous communal holding of tribal lands. Indians tended to farm land and raise herds communally, not as individuals.