329-334 - and to be effective o Extrinsic motivation – a...

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Updating Skinner’s Understanding Cognition and Operant Conditioning Latent learning o Cognitive map – a mental representation of the layout of one’s environment o Latent learning – learning that occurs but is not apparent until there is an incentive to demonstrate it Overjustification o Overjustification effect – the effect of promising a reward for doing what bone already likes to do. The person may now see the reward, rather than intrinsic interest, as motivation for performing the task o Intrinsic motivation – a desire to perform a behavior for its own sake
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Unformatted text preview: and to be effective o Extrinsic motivation – a desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment Biological Predispositions o The organisms went back to their biologically predisposed patterns Skinner’s Legacy Applications of Operant Conditioning • At school o Improvement in athletics and grades by going at a desirable pace and receiving positive reinforcement • At work o Appreciation is shown immediately • At home o Immediate consequences most effectively influence behavior...
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This document was uploaded on 04/27/2008.

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