absolutism - Charles Hargrave Dr. Williams 11/10/07 The...

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Charles Hargrave Dr. Williams 11/10/07 The Western World In Transition During the 16th and 17th centuries France and England's systems of monarchial rule were in an era of change. France under the control of Louis XIV moved towards a radical and extreme form of absolutism while England supported a strong form of Parliament that represented all classes. The contrast between these two countries forms of government is what eventually led to the complications in both the systems. An absolute form of government is one that is run solely by an unchallenged ruler who is held to no obligations and is free from any system of checks and balances. The church and 1st estate held no power or control over the monarch. Louis XIV was able to take absolutism to a new level, declaring his position was direct mandate from god. Although there were problems and wars relating to the French monarchy and the English Parliament, they led to emergence of modern France and England. However monarchs like Louis could not have controlled their countries without the power and aid of their subordinates. Lynn Hunt would argue that no absolute ruler could control their state in a controlled manner without the aid of their clergy, officials, and peasants. England during the 17th century was ruled by James I and Charles who attempted to keep their power as Kings by ruling without the consent or aid of Parliament. Parliament for a long period of time had represented the general public of England and had always been willing to make changes within itself. When Charles I
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absolutism - Charles Hargrave Dr. Williams 11/10/07 The...

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