Religion Notes

Religion Notes - Religion Notes 05/10/2007 16:02:00...

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Unformatted text preview: Religion Notes 05/10/2007 16:02:00 Background of the Bible Bible-most important book for Jews and Christians Strict moral code o Influenced moral codes around the world Ruth-shot story model Psalms and Song of Solomon-poetry models Bible-a collection of various kinds of writings composed in different periods that in time came to regarded as divinely inspired sacred scripture Jewish bible-24 books Christian bible-39 books o 12 prophets separated, not together o Kings, Samuel, Chronicles Testament =covenant o Covenant-binding tie o OT-Hebrew/Jewish Bible o NT-Christian scripture Catholic Church added books to Hebrew Bible o Protestants and Jews rejected these o Included book of Judith Exquisite, observant Defeats evil general Evil general pursues Judith Judith makes own food (cheese pancakes to make thirsty) Gets general drunk Cuts head off o Book of Tobit Tobit falls in love with beautiful Sarah Sarahs 7 husbands die before marriage o Ben Sira Hates women o Maccabees 4 of them o all known as Apocrypha (hidden) Sefarm Hitznm-books outside 1 st , authoritative division in bible o Books of Moses-Pentateuch-Torah (instruction) Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Includes 613 laws (w/ 10 commandments) 365 commandments w/in Torah Historical and legal material Historical-relate story of humankind to the writer, creation, death of Moses Legal-civil & religious constitution 2 nd division of Bible o Nevm (Prophets) 700 years Canaan conquered Israel falls 722 BCE Judah falls 580 BCE Prophetic movement dominant @ this time 1 st systematic historians (not objective) Created religious history Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings (Early Prophets) Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel (Later Prophets) repent or be destroyed Religious practice is effective only when inward attitude and outward action mirror each other 3 rd division of Bible o Ketvm (writings) 11 books Psalms-devotional literature Proverbs, Ecclesiastes ( Qoheleth ), Job-wisdom literature Song of Songs-allegorizes God and Israel Nehemiah, Ezra-memoirs (written by author of Chronicles) Hebrew Bible-T an ak h o Acronym Books determined in 90 CE o Group of Jewish elders o Jamnia of Mediterranean Sea o 1 st crisis o 2 nd crisis-temple destroyed, Jewish community dispersed o 3 rd crisis-rise of Christianity o Formation of biblical canon list of books to be recognized as scripture Is it divinely inspired? o 2 criteria 1. Hebrew not Greek Hebrew was the language in which God communicated 2. Written prior to 400 BCE...
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Religion Notes - Religion Notes 05/10/2007 16:02:00...

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