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history notes - History notes 21:34:00 ← Reconstruction...

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Unformatted text preview: History notes 02/10/2007 21:34:00 ← Reconstruction • Definition determined by what you thought the war was about subjective • Period immediately following the end of the Civil War • What was the status of the South? How was it to be treated? What was to be done with the freedmen? • Lincoln’s Plan o Generally lenient o 10% plan-when 10% of eligible voters in a state swore allegiance to the Union, that state could be reinstated o Executive branch Lincoln exercised the executive power more than any other president o No mention of former slaves o Main goal: MAINTAIN UNION • Lincoln thought that slavery could not survive the Civil War o Emancipation-moral justice • TN occupied by Union soldiers in Lincoln’s time • Secession was not legal; southern states never left the Union • Radical Republicans believed southern states had left Union o Thought Confederate states returned to “state of nature”-the frontier • 4 most important things from Reconstruction o Power of Fed gov’t vs. State gov’t o Economic policy-agricultural vs. industrial development o Power of executive branch vs. the Power of Congress o Status of black people in American society • Andrew Johnson-succeeds Lincoln as president o From east TN o Chosen to ease tension between N and S o Senator-refused to resign o “treason is a crime” o Declares Reconstruction policy-much like Lincoln o Loyal states-southern states-provided governors • 13 th amendment-outlawed slavery • Johnson extended general pardon to junior officers and enlisted men, senior officers applied for individual pardon o Excluded wealthy • December 1865-every confederate state except TX reinstated o Congress was never in session • 3 congressional factions • Democrats o B/c of no slavery, no 3 / 5 ; so freedmen counted as full people more representatives • Moderate Republicans o Agreed w/ quick readmission, but concerned w/ former confederate states and freedmen • Radical Republicans o Outraged at Johnson’s approach Didn’t like prominence of Confederate superiors Didn’t like continued power of Republicans Encouraged disenfranchisement of all confederate soldiers and officials and extending vote to freedmen Concerned for freedmen o Thaddeus Stevens-leader • Slave codes black codes o Outlaw interracial marriage o Any employee cannot be excused from work w/o written permission o Could not have many jobs o Outlawed possession of firearms o Vagrancy-no means of physical support o “bound out”-police hired them to factories, plantations • Moderate R lean toward Radical R • Johnson’s actions enrage Moderate R Radical R o Vetoes...
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course HIS 240 taught by Professor Wyatt during the Fall '07 term at Centre College.

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history notes - History notes 21:34:00 ← Reconstruction...

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