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anth260notes - Chapter 4 the development of anthropological...

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Chapter 4 the development of anthropological thought - Back in the 1800’s people who were trying to figure out what other people were thinking but they were seeing it through the perspectives of they’re society - Savages were described as the descendants of Noah’s errant son Ham of the lost people of Israel. - When evidence of earlier life was found in Europe Darwin’s theory was finally accepted - Unilineal evolution: - 1) gather info from past observers and compare it to each other - 2) arrange the cultures into simplest to simple to most complex - Lewis H. Morgan came up with classifications for the levels of the cultures being compared - 1) savage- lower, middle, and upper - 2) barbaric- lower, middle, upper - 3) civilization - Animistic beliefs to polytheistic, to monotheistic beliefs meant an evolution in human thoughts and beliefs - Historical particularism: to find the influences that the past has had for our culture - Says that each culture and person is unique -
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