arth290china

arth290china - FCARTH290: password: confucius Chinese art...

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FCARTH290: password: confucius Chinese art notes - Review images after lecture. Try instructors commentary to find out if she added any info for the picture - Intro to Chinese art Neolithic china o Pronunciation, amp, dynasties, Neolithic artifacts - Two systems used foe Romanizing Chinese: o Wade Giles o Pin yin Zh- jeweler Ch-same as zh but stronger Sh- shoe R- run C- ts J- jeff Q- ch X-sh - Chinese dynasties: - Neolithic - Shang - Zhou - Qin - Han - Sui- sway - Ming - Tang - Soong - Yuan - Religion in china - Confucianism - Daoism - Buddhism - Neolithic period - Began in 12000 bc but evidence from 4000bc - Ends by 2000bc - Climate warmer and wetter - Two great river systems - Huang ho- yellow river - Yang-tse river - 2 pottery types - Yangshao culture - Lived in mountains of northern and western china
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- Houses below ground level surrounded by earthen walls - Pottery with painted designs - Fired at 1000 to 1500 degrees - No potters wheel - Hand built bowls of red earthenware during 4000 to 2000bc - Graves in pan po village, Kansu province contained fine funerary pottery. Style recognized as finest type of Yangshao ware - Kansu(Gansu) painted pottery - Later phase pottery painted on upper half, lower half was usually buried under ground - They all have handles and flat bottoms and are conical - 3 udder shape- nourishes the dead - Spiral pattern - Tripod pot can be heated over fire - Later known as ding - Luingshan culture - Lived in eastern china on plains - Evidence of earthen fortress found - Black pottery unpainted polished exterior - Thrown on high speed wheel - Professional potters? - Forms typical of later Chinese pottery - Linear relief decoration - Also have red kui(kway) - Neolithic jade - Worked in china for over 5000 years - More cariety than nephriteand jadeite - Only nephrite available in ancient china - Nephrite is silicate of calcium and magnesium - Extremely hard stone - Connot be scratched by metal - Abrasives used to grind rather than carve - Perforated disks - Symbols of heaven and found in tombs - Jade cong (tsung) - Squared tube with circular hole - Ritual use - Found in burials - Square a symbol of earth in china - Some are decorated with masks which become prominent when bronze art is developed - Ritual use of cong and bi - Funerary context - More than 30 cong encircling body in one archaelogical find - Hongshan culture in former Manchuria c. 3500bc - Had clay figurines
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- Pottery mask with eyes of jade - Jade coiled pig dragon also found in the tombs - Proto bronze age - Metal technology and walled - Art in the Xian dynasty - Chinese believed themselves to be descended from the yellow emperor - His descentdant yu the great considered legendary - Oracle bones - Used for devination eith questions incised into bones - Some written with ink - Hot metal rod inserted into indentations resulting cracks supplied answers - More than 20000 found in early excavations - Dragon bones - Over 3000characters identified half deciphered - Earlier mainly scapulae of pig, ox or sheep - Later tortoise shells used
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course ARTH 290 taught by Professor Sarin during the Fall '06 term at Maryland.

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arth290china - FCARTH290: password: confucius Chinese art...

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