Practice Exam 2 - Psyc325 3/11/08 Agenda: Practice for Exam...

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Unformatted text preview: Psyc325 3/11/08 Agenda: Practice for Exam 2 Questions are followed by the Questions + their answers Material since Exam 1 Visual Attention: Seeing things in the environment pp. 120-124 Focus on Change Blindness Only notice change (in visual array) if were paying attention to it. STM/Working Memory NOT: Individual Differences in Chunking; Recognition of Items in STM Long-Term Memory NOT: Retention; Brain Structures Memory Codes NOT: Interaction between Encoding & Retrieval Operations (except for last paragraph); p. 147 & top of 148. Which of the following statements concerning "Change Blindness" is true? Change blindness d o e s n o t o c c u r w h e n . . . d o e s n o t d i s r u p t o u r . . . d o e s n o t o c c u r t o p e . . . o c c u r s w h e n v i e w i n g . . . 0% 0% 0% 0% 1. does not occur when participants are instructed to "pay close attention". 2. does not disrupt our day-to-day functioning, because we likely "fill in the blanks" based on our past experiences. 3. does not occur to people who have "photographic memory". 4. occurs when viewing "real-life" scenes but not when viewing photographs or video. Wickens' study on release from proactive interference showed that recall could be improved by g i v i n g m o r e p r a c t i c e t . . . p r e s e n t i n g i t e m s a t a . . . s h i f t i n g t o a n e w c a t e . . . e n c o u r a g i n g m o r e r e . . . 0% 0% 0% 0% 1. giving more practice trials 2. presenting items at a slower rate 3. shifting to a new category of words 4. encouraging more rehearsal Pausing in the letter string FBITWACIAIBM to form familiar groups allows people to take advantage of a b s o l u t e j u d g m e n t c h u n k i n g a c o u s t i c c o d e s p a r a p h r a s e s 0% 0% 0% 0% 1. absolute judgment 2. chunking 3. acoustic codes 4. paraphrases Which is not a component of Baddeley's working memory model? f i l t e r p h o n o l o g i c a l l o o p v i s u a l- s p a t i a l s k e t c . . . c e n t r a l e x e c u t i v e 0% 0% 0% 0% 1. filter 2. phonological loop 3. visual-spatial sketch pad 4. central executive Information remains in sensory memory for s e c o n d s o r a f r a c t i o n . . . 1 5- 3 s e c o n d s . 1- 3 m i n u t e s . 5- 7 m i n u t e s . 0% 0% 0% 0% 1. seconds or a fraction of a second. 2. 15-30 seconds. 3. 1-3 minutes. 4. 5-7 minutes. Imagine youre driving to a friend's new house. In your mind, you say the address repeatedly until you arrive. Then you stop thinking about the address & start to think about buying a housewarming gift for your friend. To remember the address, you used a(n) _______ process in STM/Working Memory. c o n t r o l a u t o m a t i c c o d i n g i c o n i c 0% 0% 0% 0% 1. control 2. automatic 3. coding 4. iconic Re. free recall of a list of items, which of the following will MOST LIKELY cause the recency effect to disappear?...
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Practice Exam 2 - Psyc325 3/11/08 Agenda: Practice for Exam...

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