PSYC 374 exam3 - Psychology 5'74 Introduction To...

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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 5'74 Introduction To Environmental Psychology Final Exam, May 11, 2000 Instructions: Darken the space under the letter of the best answer using a No. 2 pencil. Remember more than one answer may seem to apply but only one fulfills What the question asks. I. The interrupter gear solved the problem of @bullets hitting the propellor b. pilots falling out of the cockpit c. landing gear locking (1. reaching the pedals 2. The old Spad fighter of WW1 has something in common with the PM a. crowded cockpit b. poor vision in front@tailspins d. twin tails 3. Most of the populations of die world are a. shrinking in heigh® growing in height C. staying the same (1. shrinking and growing in height 4. How many times do people change positions when they sleep at night? a. six b. ten c. 10-20@,20<60 5 . Bedrooms are gener’ally a. too largeQ} too small c. too long d. too short 6. Women who don’t sit down in public toilets express a fear of a. soiling clothes@>richomonas c. being watched d. constipation 7. The presslit ergosit is designed to make going to the toilet a. more sanitary b. more comformblggeasier to release feces d. more stylish 8. When one misses the stray droppings while going to the space toilet, they end up on a. the flooribfithe ventilation screen C. your diaper d. the ceiling 9. A tendency to excuse the hardware and blame human error is called a belief in a. human factors b. anthropometry c. ergonomimfdjthe right stuff 10. A good PDR study always includes a. costs®POEs c. references (1. drawings 1 1. The institutional POEs came about when government and other agencies @‘hired knowledgeable persons b. passed regulations c. all started doing them d. forced the AIA to do them 12. The “designer’s intentions controversy” is a real problem in POEs because (Most buildings are not designed by architects b. architects don’t know what they want c. both of these d. neither 13. In doing POEs it is the custom to use a. only one method b. just observations c. only two methodsgffihree or more methods 14. The “walkaway” system means architects a. walk through the buildinibidon't get involved c. walk around the building d. have to refinance 15. Temple I at Tikal, along with Temple 2 and other buildings make up a. a true city b. a temple and a tomb e a center city{d:a ceremonial center 16. The Great Pyramid at Giza is a. just a toml@a tomb-temple c. a ceremonial center (1. an observatory 17.0ne feature of the medieval city, as in Bruges, was that housing for the poor (ywas provided b. was outside the city c. was in the city center d. was only for servants 18. 19. 20. 21. The rise of “coketown” in the industrial age provided a. better housing b. the same housing as beforKc/J‘a step down in housing d. a mixed situation The US cities are characterized a “hole” cities but the exception was a. Washingtor’kbyChicago c. New York d. Boston Mumford predicted magalopolis and he has been shown to be A a. absolutely right b. partly right c. some right, some wrongiépwrong The best way to classify cities is by looking up 3. employment records b. tax recordségt‘age of housing d. age of people 22.Deinstitutionalization produced the first crowds of 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. a. mental patientséfl homeless c. unemployed nurses and aids (1. drug addicts An important side effect of neuroleptic drugs is a. happiness b. depressior@tardive dyskinesia d. drowsiness Fairweather took patients right off the ward into A a. mental health centers b. halfway houses c. prisons@g)motels Rosenhan's study showed psychiatrists couldn’t tell who was a. crazytb) sane c. sick d. retarded Zimbardo’s study demonstrated even normal people could be cruel @, if put in a prison situation b. if forced to be c. if threatened d. if paid to be A radial design for hospitals means that nurses spend @i more time with patients b. less time on paper work c. less time with patients (1. more time sleeping When people get tired in a museum they show it by a. snoozing b. stopping at one placeCc/jlmaking fewer stops d. eating Wells believes that the closer you are to a window in the workplace, a. the lower your statust) the higher your status c. the harder you work d. the more you procrastinate The number of foot candles required to read is a. 50@ 100 c.150 d. 200 The open office has been shown to be I a. a roaring success b. a reasonable succest improvement (1. an expensive failure Taylor’s management style is best characterized as a. scientifirflifiop down c. bottom up d. flat out Deming’s style of management is best Characterized as a. scientific b. top dom@ottom up (1. flat out Employers are looking mostly for a. specialists®generalists c. motivated people (1. bright people Controlling supervisors make for 1 a. contented workers b. secure workers c. hard workers<d9dissatisfied workers Despite popular notions about destinations as the determiner of recreation, studies show it is more @3 social b. economic c. accessible in nature d. random In the past recreation has been used by governments as a tool for a. social release<bjcomrol c. release of aggression d. escape Csikszentmihalyi extended his theory of flow to a. recreation b. older people @work d. leisure 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. S6. 57. 58. 59. The modern trend in recreation is to increase N a. the number of hours b. the number of people together(c/.paid recreation d. free time According to the biophilia hypothesis, recreation in a natural setting should N a. have a stimulating effect b. make you sleep c. keep you from getting exdtedEiJhave a restorative effect A form of recreation that is seen as the last refuge of male superiority is a. chess b. football©hunting d. archery The place where most recreation takes place is in the a. parks b. beaches c. mountainfl} home One of the most important ways humans cause desertification is rough salinization b. by lack of rain c. by pig farming d. by building roads Putting houses close together in hot climates increases a. heatibjshade c. air circulation d. cost The reason parka hoods should be lined with wolf hide is N a. to keep warm b. to use up the surplus of wolf hides c. to look goodéy'the oil in the hair SAD stands for a. seasonal affective depression® seasonal affective disorder c. sadness and depression d. sorrow acting disease The primary determinant of climatological zones in Alaska is @latitude b. snowfall c. nearness to water Cl. human habitations The most important aspect of housing desi for families in extreme climates is the a. size of bedrooms b. TV receptioréfiscparation of children and adults (1. amount of insulation Extreme altitudes can only be endured by developing physical changes such as a. thicker legs b. shorter necstpolytythemia d. soroche The Montessori policy is to avoid a. spoiling the child® punishing c. rewarding d. giving too much attention The spaces childreEget in the house are those that are left over after a. designing k/Jadults have their choice c. lots are drawn d. new additions are added Adventure playgrounds are / a, supervised by parents b. supervised by teachers c. supervised by park employeestdgnot supervised The soft classroom has \ a. linoleum on the floor b. tiles floors c. wooden floorsgtarpets If you choose to sit in the rear of a classroom, your attitude is likely to be a. posidveggnegative c. neutral (1. fluctuating The most dangerous aspect of the bullyiwhipping boy interaction is a. hitting b. derogatory languageélmobbing d. embarrassment Wolf believes that delinquency requires a. intervention before third gradtfibj extended socializing c. jail time d. strict discipline The effects of divorce are largely due to /\ a. the divorce itself b. peers at school c. the motherféigfamily conflict Much of the theory and theories of how the body ages are contained in the new findings about a. DNA b. Hayflick’s limitficj telemeres dt vitamin E Most ["15 households have extended families under one roof @this was never true b. this was true in the 19‘h century c. this was true in the fifties d. this is true now 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69, 70. 71. 72. 73. 74. 75. 76 77 78 79 80 The largest growing age segment in our society is the a. 55+ b. 65+ c. 75+@>85+ The main effect of social security in the US was a. the end of poverty for elderlyE’fiarly retirement c. double dipping d. increased taxes Lawton changed the name of his theory from docility to proactivity because a. elderly were not docile b. activity was promotedchelderly can respond to a proactrive environment d. it sounds better Most elderly live in x a. nursing homes b. extended care facilities c. their children’s homegttheir own homes The origin of the house was a. the tomb b. the temple@ the field (1. the cave Saving the land in one parcel and giving it to the eldest son is called the principle of a. inherimnc@lprimogeniture c. the penates d. the house as temple The most time in the house is given to a. cleaninflrecreation c. conversation d. repairs After fifteen years or so most squatter settlements are Q) like middle class b. gone c. completely run down (1. bulldozed and developed Toffler and Mumford both believe the future lies in a. megalopolis b. the suburb©he electronic cottage d. high rise apartments Archit ctural depth is associated with Endless stress b. more stress c. sociability d. sleeping The effort to produce industrialized housing failed because of a. lack of market® too many different laws c. poor materials d. lack of funding In order for there to be a disaster a natural event. must be paired with {’29 human settlement b. nature c. human nature (1. land The severity of any disaster is measured by (3 lives lost b. cost of damage c. time it takes to repair d. psychological damage Technological disasters bring about a. greater damage than natura<li>the factor of blame c. more loss of life d. property damage The event that prevents the therapeutic community from operating is simply the C23; loss of life b. greater property damage c. loss of water and food (1. psychological trauma Disaster prevention is difficult bgcause of the principles in a. F. W. Taylor’s theory @jShelly Taylor’s theory c. Key’s theory d. Panic . After a disaster has passed, fie psychological toll is an increase in impairment of a. 5% b. 10% c. 15%,) 17% . During fires A a. most people panic b. a significant number panic c. some always panichJvery few panic . Barker's ecologin psychology is really 3. environmental determinism b. architectural deterrninistJransactional d. inner directed . GAIA means that a. the earth is a living organism®rthe earth acts like a living organism c. the earth is asleep d. the earth is dead . What do POEs and W. Edwards Deming have in common? a. scientific investigation b. good design/ghuality control d. top down management 81. Overload, understimulation, arousal and other theories are related to @ttess b. wayfinding c. perception d. pollution 82. Sociobiology can be directly linked with a. environmental determinisnGJiophilia c. GAIA d. panspermia 83. The use of REST successfully demonstrated that former research in understimulation was really @monotony b. production of mental illness c. just sleep inducing (1. over stimulating 84. Belief systems are so hard to change because they are closely linked to a. the brain b. the mlturelgidenfity (1. childhood 85 . The main principle of evolution is natural selection b. self determination c. imposing will d. competition 86. The NEP means a. there is no use struggling against natur<b:.iwe are part of nature c. abandon nature d. live outside of nature 87. An example of a place where environmental reforms have been accomplished in urban life is a. Chicago b. Sao Paulo c. Meidco CityCd/JCuritiba 88. Linking job losses with environmental reforms a. is, unfortunately, true b. is often true(c)is almost statistically insignificant d. never happens 89. States with the best environmental records a. have the worst unemploymenw have the best job opportunities c. are depressed d. lose businesses 90. In population surveys people do not believe that saving the environment is linked to a. clean air b. better agriwlture<cjlsaving human lives (1. saving trees 91. Women's ri hts in r countries are directl related to a 8 P00 Y thhe environment b. poverty c. population growth d. all of these 92. One of the most successful programs to directly aid the poor is the q a. World Food Bank b. World Bank c. United Nations Relie(d.:Grameen Bank 93. Skinner’s data show that school time could be a. eliminated b. cut down by ZSW-qut by 50% d. cut by 75% 94. It has been shown that Olweus’ bully-whipping boy system a. cannot be stopped b. is already gone c. will be fixed by charter schools @man be eliminated 95. The male dominant society had its ori 'ns in a. warfare b. hunting-gatheringéiagriculture d. industrial society 96. All experts are in agreement that the pace of change in our society (:5; is accelerating b. is slowing down c. is in for a crash d. always drops after a war 97. The reason innovations like Fairweather’s treatment of mental patients have not caught on is a. too costly b. takes too much time c. doesn’t really work(d?)goes against current beliefs 98. The reason Deming’s innovations have not caught on is a. too costly b. too complicated@;,goes against top down management d. Would break existing laws 99. Most public buildings are designed to {A a. encourage conversation b. have people sit down (1 have people move throqudismurage conversation 100. Top down management is most immune to a. praise b. growthé‘megative information (1. positive information ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course PSYC 374 taught by Professor Bechtel during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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PSYC 374 exam3 - Psychology 5'74 Introduction To...

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