Leadership in the House; duties of leaders
Speaker of the House, mandated by the constitution, often a national spoke person for the party,
recognized members for floor debate, may rule someone out of order, can join discussion and may vote,
refer bills to committee: Nancy Pelosi
Leadership in the senate: duties of the leader
Constitution makes VP of US as leader. Start the bell, cant vote, vote when there is a tie, coaling
votes, scheduling the floor action, and influencing committee assignments.
Activities of members of Congress that help constituents as individuals cutting through red tape to
get people what they think they have a right to get.
Usually wins, more competition in the Senate, people vote on them due to their preferences on
Presidents, voting issues advertising, credit claiming, and position taking. Weak opponents usually are up
The list of federal projects, grants, and contracts available to cities; Businesses, colleges and
Congress’s monitoring of the bureaucracy and its administration of policy, performed mainly
Substantive and descriptive representation
Descriptive representation is representing constituents by mirroring their personal, politically
relevant characteristics. Substantive is representing the group’s interest.
A legislature divided into 2 houses, the US Congress and every American state legislature except
Nebraska’s are bicameral.
A group of members of congress sharing some interest or characteristic. Most are composed of
members from both parties and from both houses.
“Typical” member of Congress
High status “elite”
Connection between PACs, elections and members of Congress
More money to incumbent, small percentage of the whole budget
Campaigning for the Senate
Cost more money then running for president.
Using their best judgment to make policy in the interests of the people
Adopting both the trustee and instructed delegate roles as they strive to be both representatives and