GHUM 252 Test 1 Study Guide - Aztec Maya and Their...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Aztec, Maya and Their Predecessors Test 1 Study Guide Mesoamerican introductory concepts: Valley of Mexico- 2,300 meters and frosty. Annual rainfall is 500 mm in  the North and 1,200 mm in the South. Oaxaca Valley- 1,500 meters and has no frost. 300-800 mm of rainfall.  The Atoyac river system is found here which has the largest farmable area in the  southern highlands. Valley of Guatemala- 1,800 meters, has a highlands climate with greater  rainfall than Valley of Oaxaca and Mexico, making it very moist and cloudy.  Volcanoes are common. Definition of Mesoamerica as a “culture area”- subsistence adaptations,  religion and cosmology, human sacrifice and maize, focus on major civilizations Western impact- Archaeology (colonial origins); museums, “art,” and the  black market; scientific standards; subsistence looting Frederick Catherwood Iron pyrite mirrors- divination, portal to the dead and foretold the future. Macana composite weapon- key weapon of the Aztecs. Autosacrifice (drawing one’s own blood)/bloodletting- to pay debt to the  gods Environment, Resources, and Subsistence: 3 major valleys- Valleys of Mexico, Oaxaca, and Guatemala Sierra Madres (highland valleys)- Sierra Madre Occidental Isthmus of Tehuantepec- comprised whole area from the Gulf of Mexico  to the Pacific. The coastal plain zone (along Pacific) was an area of vigorous  cultural development from the Early Formative period on, very early  developments toward ranking and centralization of political power were found  here. On the Coatzacoalos River. Flooding is frequent and is crucial to replenish  soils, which forced travel by canoe. volcanic activity Tierra fria- cold, 2,000+ meters. Wood, hunting, at least 20 inches of rain  needed for crops. Tierra templada- temperate, 1,000 to 2,000 meters. One rainfall crop per  year without irrigation (rainfall farming). - Major highland valleys are a templada/fria mix. Tierra caliente- hot, less than 1,000 meters. Multiple rainfall crops, 31 
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
inches of rain needed for crops. Farming is different here because need more  wanter since it evaporates, this makes irrigation necessary. Rainfall farming (one type is terrace farming)- used for a growing  population, pushing farming to hillsides and slopes. Builds terraces with stone  walls, and when it rains, water runs down to all crops on different levels. Only  works when it rains a lot. Used in Lake Atitlan, Guatemala.
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern