Political Science Reader Notes - Political Science Reader...

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Political Science Reader Notes: Exam II I. Juan J. Linz and Alfred Stepan.  “Modern Nondemocratic Regimes” (168-181) a. Framework among analysts for classifying political systems: i. Tripartite distinction between democratic, authoritarian, and  totalitarian regimes 1. Authoritarian regime has four key dimensions: 1. Pluralism 2. Ideology 3. Leadership 4. Mobilization b. Democracy i. Pluralism: 1. Responsible political pluralism, reinforced by extensive  areas of pluralist autonomy in economy, society, and  internal life of organizations ii. Ideology: 1. Extensive intellectual commitment to citizenship and  procedural rules of contestation 2. Not technological 3. Respect for rights of minorities, state of law, and value of  individualism iii. Mobilization: 1. Participation via autonomously generated organization of  civil society and competing parties of political society  guaranteed by a system of law 2. Value is on low regime mobilization but high citizen  participation 3. Toleration of peaceful and orderly opposition iv. Leadership: 1. Top leadership produced by free elections and must be  exercised within constitutional limits and state of law c. Authoritarianism i. Pluralism: 1. Political system with limited pluralism 2. Extensive social and economic pluralism ii. Ideology:
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1. Political system without elaborate and guiding ideology but  with distinctive mentalities iii. Mobilization: 1. No extensive or intensive mobilization iv. Leadership: 1. Leader or small group exercises power 2. Cooptation of old elite groups d. Totalitarian i. Pluralism 1. No significant economic, social, or political pluralism 2. No space for second economy or parallel society ii. Ideology: 1. Articulates a reachable utopia 2. Committed to a holistic conception of humanity and society iii. Mobilization: 1. Emphasis on activism of cadres and militants 2. Effort at mobilization of enthusiasm, private life is decried iv. Leadership: 1. Undefined limits and great unpredictability for members  and nonmembers 2. Recruitment is highly dependent on success and  commitment in party organization e. Post-totalitarian i. Pluralism: 1. Almost no political pluralism because party still formally  has monopoly of power ii. Ideology: 1. Recent shift of emphasis from ideology to programmatic  consensus that is based on rational decision-making iii. Mobilization: 1. Progressive loss of interest in organizing mobilization 2. Boredom, withdrawal, and privatization of population’s  values become an accepted fact iv. Leadership: 1. Growing emphasis on personal security 2. Recruitment to leadership is restricted to official party, but  less dependent upon building a career within a party’s  organization f. Sultanistic
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i. Pluralism:
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course POLI SCI 106 taught by Professor Hererra during the Fall '08 term at University of Wisconsin Colleges Online.

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Political Science Reader Notes - Political Science Reader...

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