Political Science Casebook Notes

Political Science Casebook Notes - After Mid-term Casebook...

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After Mid-term Casebook notes Russia: p. 192-231 A. Intro a. First communist country B. Geography/demography a. 4x size of US b. 146 million people c. Shares borders with 14+ countries = no physical isolation C. Development of the State a. Viking origins b. Orthodox Christianity c. Mongol invasions d. Ivan the Great: 1 st  czar e. Inconsistent modernization f. Seeds of revolution i. Agrarian society vs. aristocratic ii. WWII = final straw 1. Brought food shortages, leading to military revolt 2. Czar stepped down in 1917 3. Originally, non-communist gov’t took over 4. Lenin took over with communism g. Revolution under Lenin
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i. Authority solely in commy party, other parties banned ii. Cheka: secret police, later called KGB iii. Nomenklatura: refers to politically influential jobs in the state or economy  and the commy party appointees who staffed them h. Stalin and totalitarian state i. No more private property, everything centralized by gov’t  ii. Collective agriculture: production collapsed, 7 million died in famine iii. Terror and secret police widely used i. After Stalin: Stability and stagnation i. Less terror, pretty much the same institutions ii. State rapidly industrialized by controlling all labor and resources iii. Standard of living increased iv. Nikita Krushchev: took office in 1953, made reforms attempts v. Increasingly stagnant (technology, economy) j. Collapse of State i. Restructuring) 1. Didn’t work, too much freedom and disarray ii. Boris Yeltson: elected president iii. 1991: coup against Gorbachev, ban of commy party iv. Dec. 1991: dissolution of former SU v. Putin: president since 1999 D. Political Regime: illiberal democracy
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a. Political Institutions i. Constitution  1. 1993: Parliament dissolved b. Branches of Gov’t i. Kremlin: executive power, today most power under presidency ii. President = head of state  Prime Minister = head of gov’t iii. President holds more executive power (can’t serve more than two 4 year  terms) 1. Chooses minister and cabinet members, appoints district leaders 2. Proposes and issues decrees w/o challenge 3. Controls Foreign and Denfense ministries, and FSB (Federal  Security Service, like KGB) 4. Very difficult to impeach iv. Prime Minister 1. Supervises what is not under presidential control v. Legislature 1. Little influence on course of gov’t 2. Federal Assembly a. Duma: 450 seats i. Can reject candidates, draft legislation b. Federation Council: 178 seats c. No drafting, but approve some econ. Bills vi. Judicial System
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1. Constitutional Court: highest court, nominated by president, 15- year terms vii. Electoral System 1. Direct election of president since 1991
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course POLI SCI 106 taught by Professor Hererra during the Fall '08 term at Wisconsin.

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Political Science Casebook Notes - After Mid-term Casebook...

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