Final Exam Review - HIST 1301 - FINAL EXAM |1 Christopher Columbus o Italian explorer navigator and colonizer o Crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 o

Final Exam Review - HIST 1301 - FINAL EXAM |1 Christopher...

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F I N A L E X A M | 1 Christopher Columbus – o Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer o Crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 1492 o Seeking a trade route to Asia, he landed in the Americas in 1492, opening the New World to European conquest and settlement o Called the Native Americans Indios , or Indians, because he thought he had reached islands in Asia Line of Demarcation, 1494 – o Treaty of Tordesillas establishes Line of Demarcation o Pope John II established this line giving all lands “discovered or to be discovered” west of the line to Spain and all lands east of the line to Portugal Southern Colonies – o Virginia o Maryland o North Carolina o South Carolina o Georgia Middle Colonies – o New York o New Jersey o Pennsylvania o Delaware Northern (New England) Colonies – o Massachusetts o New Hampshire o Connecticut o Rhode Island Virginia – o First permanent colony founded in 1607 (Jamestown) – not including Roanoke o Named after virgin Queen Elizabeth I o Royal colony because it is owned by the king Plymouth – o 1620 – 1691 o Puritans o Came on the Mayflower Compact o Indian Assistance (Squanto) Spoke English Taught them how to grow crops, what to eat, how to fish, etc. Massachusetts – o Puritans o Governor John Winthrop o Massachusetts General Court
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F I N A L E X A M | 2 o Massachusetts Bay Colony: 1630 – 1691 o Province of Massachusetts Bay: 1691 – 1775 Pennsylvania – o “Sylvania” – forest o William Penn – Quaker that founded Pennsylvania o “Holy Experiment” Refuge for people all over the world No slavery; all about equality Friendly relations with Native Americans Anne Hutchinson – o Exiled from Massachusetts o A midwife and nurse; Puritan spiritual adviser o Came to Boston in 1634 with husband, merchant William Hutchinson, & children o Assisted women in childbirth and sickness and became convinced that Bostonians placed too much emphasis on good works and not enough on faith o Went outside the accepted role of women by taking a public stand on religion o Tried for heresy in 1637 Salem Witch Trials – o 1691 o Witchcraft Origins & Precedent Reverend Parris’ daughter, Betty, gets sick and the doctor cannot figure out what is wrong with her Betty says she has been cursed by a witch “Typical” Witches – women who were outspoken & did not attend church 150 people were accused of being witches o Salem – People who were accused blamed others and it spiraled out of control Court System – Searched bodies for evidence (thought moles/warts were evidence) o The touch test o 3 questions: Are you a witch? Have you seen the devil? Then how did these kids become sick? Great Awakening – o From the 1720s to the 1760s, ministers from various denominations called for the renewal of these beliefs in a series of religious revivals o Origins Response to the Enlightenment Concern from Churches Local Church Revivals (1730s)
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F I N A L E X A M | 3 Increase Religious Devotion
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