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Unformatted text preview: 4/2/08 Part One: Background of Christian Scriptures Formation of Judaism. Hellenization of the Mediterranean area:around 300 BCE. Alexander the great building great empire. Greek culture becomes dominant-flowering of philosophy, literature, and cultural values. ^Egyptian, Persian, greek, and other near eastern cultures-intertwined in Roman Empire. Rome becomes new superpower in this med locale. Development of jewish groups/sects- arose after destruction of the temple. 586 destruction of temple by the Babylonians. Diverse groups of Jews begin to interpret writing in diverse ways From scattering of Hebrews-by 200 Bc. Call themselves Jews-interpret identities, torah, in radically different ways. Pg. 215- map. Mediterranean locale-major political empire is Rome. Bacground of Christian gospels in that Rome is dominant and greek culture is dominant social and cultural forces that shape Christian writings Johns gospel-very greek gospel. Gnostic Gospels- greek influence. 3 major things happening 1. Many people were very individualistic in finding personal fulfillment. 2. Very cosmopolitan- many different types of religious and philosophical systems to choose from 3. People search for some kind of unity-search for oneness behind the multiplicity ^fertile ground for Jesus movement...
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