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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 10: Stress Management & Management Techniques
Introduction The Mind/Body Connection The Brain The Immune System Stress Prevalence Annual Cost Definition by Hans Selye Eustress Distress Chronic distress diseases Management of distress Stress, Health & Performance High Optimal performance and well-being Health and performance Eustress Low Low Optimal Stress Mental, emotional, and physiological limitations Distress High Fig. 10-1, p. 327 Physiological Response to Stress Stressor Individual perceives stress Hypothalamus Brain messages to Pituitary gland Activation of sympathetic nervous system Increase in: Heart rate Blood pressure Blood glucose Blood flow to active muscles and brain Oxygen uptake Strength General awareness Release of catecholamines from adrenal glands Stress release No stress release Body relaxation Decrease in health and performance Fig. 10-4, p. 336 Adapting to Stress Homeostasis General Adaptation Syndrome (Hans Selye) Resistance
E xh tion au s Homeostasis Alarm Stressor reaction Recovery Illness Exhaustion/ Recovery Fig. 10-2, p. 328 Perceptions & Health Explanatory Style Optimistic Pessimistic Self-Esteem A Fighting Spirit Sources of College Stress Alcohol use Time management Parental conflict Drug use Academic competition College red tape Religious conflicts Choice of major/ future job Sexual pressures Lack of privacy Illness and injury Love/ marriage decisions Family responsibilities
Loneliness Depression Anxiety Social alienation, anonymity Military obligations Money troubles Fig. 10-3, p. 330 Behavior Patterns (intro.) Type A Behavior Type B Behavior Type C Behavior Behavior Patterns (cont.) Structured Interview Vulnerability to Stress Time Management Distress if Poorly Done Five Steps Skills Coping with Stress (intro.) Recognize that a Problem Exists Identify the Stressor Remove the Stressor, or Respond Differently to the stressor Relaxation Techniques (intro.) Exercise Biofeedback Coping with Stress (cont.) Relaxation Techniques (cont.) Progressive Muscle Relaxation Breathing Exercises Visual Imagery Autogenic Training Meditation Yoga Which Relaxation Technique is Best? Individuals Vary in Responses The Environment is a Factor Experiment to Find Effective Choices ...
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- Fall '07