Luck 4-23

Luck 4-23 - Katherine Luck 8-8 What is true development The...

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Katherine Luck April 23, 2008 8-8 What is true development? The Kerala Model by: Bill McKibben Kerala is a state of 29 million people in southern India. Among the mos desely crowded places on earth During late 80s a survey found out that nearly ½ of 170 families had only cooking utensils, a wooden bench and a few stools in their homes. No bed, 36% also had some chairs and cots, 19% owned a table and only 5 had cushioned seats Life expectancy for Keralite male is 70 years (U.S. male is 72 years – India’s male is 58 years) Kerala birth rate hovers near 18 per thousand (US 16 per thousand – India 40 per thousand) Christian missionaries and the British stared the process During 20s and 30s the princess agreed to popular demands for schools in southern Kerala. 60s – they spread the educational program into northern Kerala By 1981, literacy rate in Kerala was 70% and they wanted total literacy Pilot program began in Ernakulam region in the city of Cochin. 500,000 volunteers tracked down 175,000 illiterates from ages 5 and 60. Then another 20,000 volunteers were recruited as tutors and sent to teach. Goal: make people feel powerful, feel involved. Within a year, they were able to read 30 words a minute, copy a text at 7 words a minute, count and write from 1 to 100, add and subtract three-digit number. Cost: 150 hours of education was about $26 per person. Kerala makes clear the coercion is unnecessary. Kerala birth rate is 40% below that of India as a whole and almost 60%. They have solved 1/3 of the equation that drives environmental destruction the world over. Families only have 2 children and the most educated only one. Problem: unemployment had being signal problem of Kerala for decades The combination of a stagnant economy and a strong commitment to provide health and education have left the state with large budget deficits The left has embarked on a series of “new democratic initiatives” that come as close as anything on the planet to actually incarnating “sustainable development” move from word literacy to “Land Literacy” Kerala is one large human population on earth that currently meets the sustainability criteria of simultaneous small families and low consumption. The task on living on earth, using fewer resources, creating less waste. Low- level economy can create a decent life, abundant quality of life, Kerala is the vastly more successful society. Redistribution has made Kerala a decent place to live. There is a point in which rich and poor might meet and
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course INST 210 taught by Professor Smith-nonini during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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Luck 4-23 - Katherine Luck 8-8 What is true development The...

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