vietnam - Gary Patterson J.Tilapaugh History of Vietnam...

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Gary Patterson J.Tilapaugh History of Vietnam 2/10/08 Dead End Alley In Chapter one “Dead end Alley” Herring first covers the history of the Vietnamese people and the struggle for their independence from China and later France. Throughout this paper I will discuss the important players and details of the struggle that the Vietnamese had with the French and the involvement that the United States had in all of this. The political views and thoughts of the United Sates, France and the Vietminh will uncover the underlying tone of the mess that we now know as the Vietnam War. The chapter “Dead End Alley” begins with an overview of the Vietnam War with an examination of the history of the Vietnamese people and its continuous struggle against foreign conquest, going all the way back to its occupation by the Chinese over 2,000 years ago. It discusses Vietnam’s struggle to gain independence from China, and finally, the French colonization and conquest of the country. Because of the struggle the Vietnam had with the Chinese it is easy to see Vietnam’s mistrust and dislike of foreign intervention and manipulation. The chapter next examines the rise to power of Ho Chi Minh and his attempt at the end of World War II to proclaim Vietnam free from French control. Ho Chi Minh was born in Vietnam in 1890. His father, Nguyen Sinh Huy was a teacher employed by the French. As a nationalist, Nguyen taught his children to resist the rule of the French. Not surprisingly, they all grew up to be committed nationalists willing to fight for Vietnamese independence. After his studies, Ho was a schoolteacher. He then decided to become a sailor. This enabled him to
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travel to many different countries, including several countries that were part of the French Empire. Through his travels Ho learned that the Vietnamese were not the only people suffering from exploitation. Ho finally settled in Paris in 1917. Here he read books by Karl Marx and other left-wing writers and eventually turned to communism and became a founding member of the French Communist Party. Ho, like the rest of the French Communist Party, had been inspired by the Russian revolution . In 1924, he visited the Soviet Union. While in Moscow, Ho wrote to a friend that it was the duty of all communists to return to their own country to: "make contact with the masses to awaken, organize, unite and train them, and lead them to fight for freedom and independence." (Spartacus Education n.d.) However, Ho was aware that if he returned to Vietnam he was in danger of being arrested by the French authorities. Ho decided to go and live in China on the Vietnam border. There he helped organize other exiled nationalists into the Vietnam Revolutionary League. Due to the starting of the cold war and Ho’s communist background, Vietnam’s dream of independence from foreign control was not a possibility in the United States eyes.
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course HIST 501 taught by Professor Martinez during the Spring '08 term at Texas Permian Basin.

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vietnam - Gary Patterson J.Tilapaugh History of Vietnam...

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