DP Chapter 2 - Chapter 2 Theories of Human Development PSY...

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Chapter 2 Theories of Human Development PSY 231 A Eric Limegrover
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Chapter 2: Theories of Human  Development Theory: Ideas proposed to describe/explain        certain phenomena Organizes facts/observations Guides collection of new data Should be internally consistent Falsifiable: hypothesis can be tested Supported by data
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Table 2.1
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Freud: Psychoanalytic Theory Instincts and unconscious motivation Id, Ego, and Superego formed from psychic  energy (Libido) Id: Instinctual nature of humans Ego: rational and objective Superego: internalized moral standards A dynamic personality system Regular conflicts between the three parts
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Erik Erikson Most influential neo-Freudian Some differences with Freud Less emphasis on sexual urges More emphasis on rational ego More positive and adaptive view of human  nature Believed development continues through  adulthood
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Table 2.2
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Table 2.2 cont.
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