chart - United Kingdom II. Sovereignty, Authority, &...

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AP Comparative Politics: Country Comparison Chart A. Partisan elections B. Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, England C. European Union D. Traditions E. No written Constitution F. Parliamentary G. Market economy, Welfare State H. Party accountability I. Belief systems as sources of legitimacy 1. Anglican, Roman Catholic, Muslim 2. Third Way A. B. C. D. Qur'an E. Written Constitution of 1979 based on Islamic Law F. Theocracy G. Based on services, industry, and agriculture H. Authoritarianism I. Belief systems as sources of legitimacy 1. Shi’a Muslim, Sunni Muslim, Zoroastraian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha’i 2. Conservativism III. Political Institutions A. Levels of Government 1. Single member districts 2. Unitary 3. Centralized B. Executives 1. Prime Minister—head of state and government 2. Cabinet C. Legislature 1. Bicameral (House of Lords and House of Commons) 2. Majority party/shadow cabinet 3. Proportional representation D. Parliamentary System 1. Collective responsibility, vote of confidence E. Elections 1. none 2. Members of Parliament voted for by people every 5 years 3. Referendums occur occasionally (only 9 major ones so far) 4. Noncompetitive—all elections are fair and competitive F. Electoral systems 1. Proportional representation—used to elect Members of Parliament with First-Past-the-Pole 2. Single member districts III. Political Institutions A. Levels of Government 1. National 2. Federal 3. Centralization B. Executives 1. 2. C. Legislature 1. 2. 3. D. Parliamentary System 1. E. Elections 1. 2. 3. 4. Noncompetitive F. Electoral systems 1. Proportional representation 2. Single member districts United Kingdom Iran
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III. Continued… G. Conservative: right-of-center; current leader David Cameron (Leader of opposition and shadow cabinet); elitist; upper, suburban middle, and upper-middle class support Labour: left-of-center; current leader (Prime Minister) Tony Blair; middle, and upper-middle class support, unionized working class urban, and progressives; pro-European. H. The majority party holds the most power, all members must agree with legislation, decisions, ect. I. Leadership and elite recruitment (see part G) J. Trade Unions Congress—associated with the Labour party and unions K. Civil servants—administer laws and deliver public services, a respected profession L. The British Armed Forces are led by the Queen (Commander-in- Chief), managed by the Defense Council and the Ministry of Defense M. Judiciaries 1. magistrates’ courts, county courts, high courts, appellate courts, House of Lords. 2. Body of law is based on statute, common law and “traditional rights.” 3. Types of Law III. Continued… G. H.
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chart - United Kingdom II. Sovereignty, Authority, &...

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