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Russiachart - Russia II Sovereignty Authority Power A...

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II. Sovereignty, Authority, & Power A. Political Culture: 1. Russia’s political culture is shaped by its geographic setting, cultural orientation and conflicting attitudes towards the state 2. Geographical setting: Russia is the largest country in the world and encompasses many different ethnicities and climates; its borders touch many other nations with vastly different political cultures and customs 3. Cultural Orientation: early in its history, Russians adopted the Eastern Orthodox religion; this was responsible for the fact that the Russians did not share the values generated by the Renaissance, Reformation, Scientific Revolution, and Enlightenment; they values a strong unified state rather than individualism 4. Russian citizens can be surprisingly hostile towards their leadership; when Mikhail Gorbachev initiated Glasnost, he received numerous complaints from citizens, which contributed to the breakup of the Soviet Union. B. Multiple regions (such as Siberia) C. Member of G-8 with the United States D. Power and Authority: 1. For most of the 20 th century, power and authority came from the Politburo of the Communist Party 2. Politburo: a small group of men who climbed the ranks of the party through t nomenklatura 3. Nomenklatura: the Soviet system of lists that facilitated the CPSU’s appointment of trusted people to key positions When the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, the Politburo lost its power and authority E. Constitution of 1993 by Yeltsin passed with Presidential and Parliamentary ties F. Democracy, with some authoritarian power of the president and oligarch. Constitutional federation G. Free market/Capitalistic-the economy is currently doing well for unknown reasons H. Legitimacy: 1. The legitimacy of the Russian government is currently low because the regime change was so recent (1991) 2. To reconstruct the country’s power base, the Constitution of 1993 provided for a strong president 3. The power of the president is checked by popular election and by the lower house of the legislature, the State Duma I. Belief systems as a source of power 1. Russian Orthodox, Islam, other 2. The ideology of Russia has shifted significantly since the collapse of the III. Political Institutions
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