His_315_Final_Study_Guide[1] - 6. Burning Convictions...

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6. Burning Convictions Reformation – The change from Catholicism to Protestantism. Happened in Britain during the Tudor dynasty beginning with Henry VIII through Elizabeth. Henry VII – His accession marked the end of the War of Roses. First of the Tudor dynasty and a very astute political leader. Henry VIII – King that began the Reformation with his marriage annulment to Catherine of Aragon and his eventual marriage to Anne Boleyn. William Tyndale – Ordained priest who translated and published an English version of the New Testament. Martin Luther – German that began the Protestant Reformation. Catherine of Aragon – Daughter of King Ferdinand of Spain, married Henry VIII. Their eventual divorce began the Protestant Reformation in Britain. Battle of the Spurs – Henry VIII’s battle against French knights in which he was victorious. Battle of Flodden Field – Battle between England and an invading Scottish army. King James of Scotland, many of his nobles, and approximately 10,000 Scots were killed in this English victory. Thomas Wolsey – The Archbishop of York who resided at Hampton Court. He would not annul the marriage between Henry VIII and Catherine and thus was accused of treason and killed. Field of the Cloth of Gold – Spectacular meeting between Henry VIII and Francis I of France where each king tried to outshine the other with dazzling tents and clothes, huge feasts, jousting, and games. Anne Boleyn – The “hunt” of Henry VIII. Convinced him of the idea of royal supremacy and became his second wife and the mother of Elizabeth I. Her demise was brought on by Thomas Cromwell, and she was eventually taken to the Tower of London where she was executed. Thomas Cranmer – The Archbishop of Canterbury during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI. He helped Henry VIII with the idea of royal supremacy and agreed with Henry’s marriage to Anne Boleyn. After Henry dies, he brought up young Edward VI with Protestant views, introducing him to the Book of Common Prayer. When Edward died, Mary I convicted Cranmer of heresy and treason and he was burned at the stake. Thomas Cromwell – Henry VIII’s Secretary of State who suggested that the king be the head of the English Church. He supported Henry’s disposing of Anne Boleyn and the pick up of Jane Seymour. After the death of Seymour his haste to remarry Henry to Anne of Cleves was his downfall. He was charged with treason and executed at the Tower of London. Jane Seymour – Henry’s third wife. Produced him a son, Edward, but she died six days later. Anne of Cleves – Henry’s last wife. Set up by Thomas Cromwell and turned out to be a huge failure. The paintings by Hans Holbein depicted her as a beautiful woman but Henry thought otherwise and quickly divorced. Edward VI – The third monarch of the Tudor Dynasty.
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course HIST 315 taught by Professor Perkins during the Spring '08 term at Centre College.

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His_315_Final_Study_Guide[1] - 6. Burning Convictions...

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