AFP PAPER - "It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and

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"It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and culture, with the ultimate goal of ending tyranny in our world." 1 ~ President George W. Bush in 2004 History shows that US foreign policy action to support and to promote democracy has been selective and limited to particular countries in specific contexts . The evidence is demonstrated in US foreign policy in the Middle East . Our President recognizes that, “In many nations of the Middle East -- countries of great strategic importance -- democracy has not yet taken root . 2 Exceptions in US foreign policy have been allotted to specific nations because of different strategies and goals . Saudi Arabia is an example of a country given special treatment, because of their valuable resource of oil . Analysis of US foreign policy since World War II reveals that the United States commitment to democracy in the Middle East has been based on necessity and availability . The Middle East is a region of importance to the United States and the world because of its vast oil reserves . The best example of a in the Middle East is demonstrated in Saudi Arabia, a theocratic monarchy that is home to the extreme form of Islam, Wahhabism . The Saudi Arabian government is far from democratic, yet action for democratic progress has been irresolute . While the United States has sacrificed billions of dollars and more than two thousand lives on democratizing Iraq, the United States provides military security to the Saudi Kingdom . American favoritism towards Saudi Arabia is no coincidence . According to Doug Bandow, a senior fellow at the Cato 1 Richard Tomkins. “Bush Sounds Call for Spread of Democracy.” Washington Times, 20 Jan. 2005 2 Remarks by the President at the 20 th Anniversary of the National Endowment for Democracy. United States Chamber of Commerce, Nov. 6, 2003. 1
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Institute, “Saudi Arabia would be unimportant but for the massive oil deposits sitting beneath its seemingly endless deserts . 3 US foreign policy in the Middle East has been inconsistent because of a long-standing alliance between the United States and Saudi Arabia . Analysis reveals that attempting to democratize government in Saudi Arabia would be impractical because it could destabilize the country . Instead the United States provides military protection necessary to produce oil efficiently . The global economy’s reliance on oil has required the United States to exercise a foreign policy strategy of exception with the non-democratic government of Saudi Arabia . The system of government in Saudi Arabia is the exact opposite of a democracy in many ways . Saudi Arabia has an absolute monarchy, “an almost medieval theocracy, with power concentrated in the hands of senior royalty and wealth spread among some 7,000 Al Saud princes . 4 It is governed by an unelected dictatorship . Political parties are banned, all the press is owned and censored by the state, and protest is suppressed
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course GOV 363 taught by Professor Max during the Spring '08 term at Centre College.

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AFP PAPER - "It is the policy of the United States to seek and support the growth of democratic movements and institutions in every nation and

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