US HistoryThemelineReview

US HistoryThemelineReview - ., .Then,(SFI)

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Unformatted text preview: APUSH Themeline Review Each theme is divided into ten units of study. Within each section of the chart, write ​one sentence​ explaining the status of the theme or the change within the period related to the theme. Then, provide ​four pieces of specific factual information​ (SFI) that support your sentence. Please use your thematic question sheets to help with this process. ​You are allowed FIVE “passes” for the assignment. THEME: AMERICAN NATIONAL IDENTITY PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 ​With the founding of Jamestown, the geographics and basic ideals of what would become America were set and would continue to grow and distinguish themselves from those of England with the creation of new colonies offering unique ideals and ways of life that would combine to create a new American identity ­House of Burgesses ­ Roger Williams(founder of Rhode Island) belief in separation of church and state ­William Penn’s founding of Pennsylvania 1661 and the Quaker belief in equality of all men ­New England Confederation 1643­84 PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 As a result of the French and Indian War, tensions between the colonies and England would increase as England tightened its grip on the colonies who shared a strong desire for increased self government and would eventually succeed in completely breaking away from England and forming America. ­End of Salutary Neglect (proclamation line of 1763) ­Sugar and Revenue Act of 1764 ­Suffolk resolves ­Declaration of rights PERIOD FOUR, As a result of the war of 1812 The national identity of the US would be further defined with the P1 increase in nationalism, isolationism and an increased amount of respect from the world for the 1800­1824 country’s strength and governmental ideals. ­Era of good feelings/ death of the federalist party(one party system) ­Monroe Doctrine ­Clay's American System ­Treaty of Ghent PERIOD FOUR, The arrival of the Age of Jackson brought about certain elements and ideals such as the P2 increase in presidential power, sectionalism, and rise of the common man that would 1824­1848 permanently impact American politics and society and greatly influence the development of America's identity with increased democracy. ­Universal white male suffrage ­Presidential mandate ­Foote Resolution ­Jacksonian Democracy PERIOD FIVE 1844­1877 As a result of the Civil War the American identity would be further defined by the broadening of the basic american belief of the equality of all men as well as establishing the power of the federal government over State governments. ­13th amendment ­Lincoln's 10% plan ­14th amendment ­1867 military recon PERIOD SIX 1865­1898 The Gilded age served as a time that deepened and caused the the dark side of the american identity to grow with the dominance of corruption in american politics and industry that resulted in the infringement of basic human and constitutional rights. ­Tweed Ring ­Dawes Act 1887 ­Social Darwinism ­Credit Mobilier PERIOD SEVEN, P1 1898­1919 Although the American Identity had been largely characterized by nativist ideals causing America to be internally focused up until the late 1800’s when America would shift into a stage of new imperialism with the desire to spread it’s ways around the world. ­Chilean Crisis 1891 ­WWI ­Closing of the frontier ­White man's burden ­Annexation of Hawaii 1898 PERIOD SEVEN, P2 1920­1945 During the 1920’s there was major burst and growth in industry and culture that would further Americas identity bringing about unity and a sense of nationalism through the consolidation of business, mass production, and the creation of a national culture. ­Henry Ford and the Assembly line ­NBC and CBS ­Flappers ­AP and UPI newspapers PERIOD EIGHT/NINE 1945­PRESEN T As America entered into the Cold War against the Soviet Union, the identity of america would be expanded in politics, foreign policy and domestic policy with our strong and forceful desire to contain communism and spread our philosophies of capitalism throughout the world. ­Space Race ­Truman Doctrine ­Cuban Missile crisis ­2nd Red Scare THEME: POLITICS AND POWER PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 As a result of several wars and internal conflicts, England became distracted and indirectly provided the colonies individual governments with more political freedom and power as they lived under a period of salutary neglect that would later influence the colonies view of a higher government's role in their economic and social style that would later cause tensions over political policies. ­Glorious revolution ­King William's War ­Anglo Dutch Wars ­England civil war PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 As a result of the proclamation line in 1963 Britain's use of salutary neglect ended with their tightened grip over colonial government, causing the colonies to increase in unity and shift in their view of government and political ideas to a strong desire for independence from Britain. ­Sons of Liberty ­Patriots ­Declaration of Independence ­Taxation without representation PERIOD FOUR, After the War of 1812 the US entered into a time of political unity with the shift to one party P1 system that was largely focused on domestic/internal improvements. 1800­1824 ­Era of good feelings ­Democratic Republicans ­Monroe doctrine ­Aaron Burr PERIOD FOUR, The election of 1828 caused the Era of good feelings to come to an end with the splitting of the P2 democratic republicans and the creation of a 2nd party system. 1824­1848 ­National Republicans ­Democrats ­Jackson ­John Q Adams PERIOD FIVE 1844­1877 After the election of 1860 the country would split as the South succeeded from the union over their dissatisfaction with Lincoln's election and formed the CSA with new political philosophies that reflected the goals of the southern states and would eventually lead to the greater conflict of the American civil war. ­Free soiler ­Jefferson Davis ­South Carolina ­State rights and preservation of slavery PERIOD SIX 1865­1898 Because of the growth in power and domination of Big business that resulted in an absurd amount of corruption in politics and mistreatment of workers that could eventually no longer be tolerated and would be opposed by the Labor movement and with the creation of labor unions. ­The American Federation of Labor ­Knights of Labor ­Pulman Strike 1894 ­Eugene Debs PERIOD SEVEN, P1 1898­1919 As a result of the late 18 hundreds Gilded Age corruption the early nineteen hundreds brought about the progressive movement which sought to bring about changes and reforms that regulate big business and improve the lives of average americans. ­Commision system ­Bob La Follette ­Corrupt practices Act ­AWSA PERIOD SEVEN, P2 1920­1945 As a result of WWI coming to an end and the start of the great depression, the US foreign policy became greatly influenced by isolationism during the early 1920s but would eventually be forced to adapt as conditions in Europe and around the world worsened and tensions arose with the start of WWII. ­New Deal ­Spanish Civil War ­’Cash and Carry’ ­Johnson Act 1934 PERIOD EIGHT/NINE 1945­PRESEN T As a result increased desire for domestic reform and civil right legislation, the traditionally southern democratic party began to shift and become more liberal in supporting civil rights movements which would cause shifts in the republican party as well as the reaction of different 3rd parties. ­Election 1948 ­Dixiecrats ­Truman's Fair Deal ­Civil Rights Movement THEME: WORK, EXCHANGE, AND TECHNOLOGY PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 As a result of the discovery and growing exploration of the New World, their was an increased demand from the old world for American riches, raw materials, and cash crops as well as a new world demand for labor, basic supplies and finished goods that would result in an increased exchange rate between the two worlds/continents. ­Columbian exchange ­Tobacco+cotton ­Gold and Silver ­Africa/slaves PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 As a result of the end of Salutary neglect after the French and Indian War Britain began to tighten its grip on the colonies with increased taxes and restrictions on colonial trade and exchange that would cause the colonies to break away from britain and their trade restrictions as the entered into the world as a new nation. ­Tea Act ­Tea Party ­Writs of assistance ­Boston port act PERIOD FOUR, As a result of increased tensions with Britain, trade between the us and britain became tense P1 and eventually ceased as tensions turned hostile and the two nations entered into the war of 1800­1824 1812 which resulted in an increased amount of respect and trade opportunities for the US. ­Impressment ­Embargo 1807 ­Continental system ­Macon’s Bill #2 1810 PERIOD FOUR, P2 1824­1848 PERIOD FIVE 1844­1877 As a result of the Civil War the labor system of slavery was at last abolished which resulted in slow recovery and development of the Southern economy as they shifted away from a slave based economy, while the North’s industrial dominance continued to expand with new production and transportation developments which lead to further sectional tension and division. ­Transcontinental RR ­13th amendment ­kkk formation 1867 ­sharecropping PERIOD SIX 1865­1898 As a result of Train and RR development and the completion of the Transcontinental RR the country became more mobilized in allowing trade to further develop across the nation while also encouraging the development of new industries, the strengthening of the relationship between the government and business and causing corruption to prosper. ­Steel rail ­Andrew Carnegie ­Gratuities ­Union pacific and Central pacific PERIOD SEVEN, P1 1898­1919 During the late 1800s the US had become internally focused but would shift into a state of new imperialism during the early 1900s with the desire to expand our trading options and spread our ideas while also experiencing an increase in the influx of immigrants. ­Nativism ­Open door policy ­Root­Takahira Agreement ­Canadian reciprocity PERIOD SEVEN, P2 1920­1945 As a result of the innovation of labor saving appliances during the early 1920s, women were provided with more free time and were enabled to become more independent and individualistic with the decline in the importance of the ‘cult of domesticity’ and an increase in women's rights activism. ­Washing machine ­vacuum ­flappers ­Margaret Sanger PERIOD EIGHT/NINE 1945­PRESEN T As a result of the Cold War the US entered into a competitive race to prove superiority against the soviet union that would further result in creation of multiple new innovations that would influence not only the nation's foreign policy/defense but also society and culture in general. ­CD’s ­the internet ­Sputnik ­Star Wars THEME: CULTURE AND SOCIETY PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 As a result of the diversity in ethnicity of the early 1600s colonies many different cultures would individually developed within each colony and would eventually mesh as the colonies learned to tolerate one another and unite against common enemies and created the founding principles that would later define US as a nation. ­Rhode Island(first with complete religious freedom) ­Great puritan migration ­Mayflower compact ­King Philip's war PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 Although women were still unequal to men after the revolutionary war despite the service of some women in war disguised as men, women did receive a higher status within their home as the caretakers of their families. ­ “Republican motherhood” ­ “keepers of nations conscious’ ­New Jersey's 1776 constitution ­Revolutionary war PERIOD FOUR, As a result of the war of 1812, America became optimistic and largely focused on the P1 philosophy of expansion as it looked to spread its ideas into the west. 1800­1824 ­Indian removal ­Missouri Compromise ­Speculation ­Transportation revolution PERIOD FOUR, As the US began to expand westward the native population and culture would begin to dwindle P2 with America's increased hostility and violence in indian policy. 1824­1848 ­Cherokee ­Trail of tears ­Black Hawk's war ­Seminal war PERIOD FIVE 1844­1877 As a result of increased harsh treatment and resistance of slaves there was an increase in the attempts of the abolition movement as people began to question slavery's constitutionality. ­Quackers ­Back to Africa movement ­Fredrick Douglous ­Nat Turner's Rebellion PERIOD SIX 1865­1898 As a result of the oppressive corruption within industry and business during the mid to late 1800s, workers were eventually forced to form unions and fight to gain rights and take their place in society. ­Gilded Age ­Trusts ­The American Federation of Labor ­Pullman Strike 1894 PERIOD SEVEN, P1 1898­1919 As a result the immense growth of corruption and monopolies during the mid to late 1800s there was the emergence of the progressive movement which heavily relied on artists and authors in gaining hype and making their call for change known. ­”The Jungle” ­Ashcan School of Art ­John Sloan ­Ida Tarbell PERIOD SEVEN, P2 1920­1945 Because of the increased confidence of women after showing their strength through industrial jobs during WWI, they were able to make a statement and push for more women rights and freedoms during the 1920s and later on. ­19th amendment ­18th amendment ­Carry Nation ­Flappers PERIOD EIGHT/NINE 1945­PRESEN T As a result of continued and increased discrimination against blacks, the Civil rights movment emerged in the mid 1900s with the push for racial equality and would only strengthen and become more heated as the late 1900s came around. ­NAACP ­’Black Power’ ­MLK ­Civil Rights Act of 1964 THEME: MIGRATION AND SETTLEMENT PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 As a result of both strong feelings of nationalism and the increased belief in the economic system of mercantilism in England, the push for exploration and colonization would strengthen as the foundations of what would later become America were formed. ­James Town ­Queen Elizabeth ­Joint Stock company ­London Company PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 As a result of the French and Indian War the american colonist believed that they would be able migrate and expand into newly won territory, which would lead to increased tensions with Britain who put restriction prohibiting the colonies from doing as they pleased. ­Proclamation Line 1763 ­Rights of Englishmen ­George the 3rd ­Seven Years War PERIOD FOUR, As a result of the war of 1812 the US felt empowered with newfound nationalism and began to P1 see the importance, value and possibilities of westward expansion. 1800­1824 ­Louisiana Purchase ­’Indian Menace’ ­missouri compromise ­Isolationism PERIOD FOUR, After the election of Jackson the country's stance on Indian removal would be further P2 developed and defined as the country became greedy for expansion and resources and natives 1824­1848 were forced off of their homelands. ­Trail of tears ­Black Hawk's war ­Seminal war ­Gold PERIOD FIVE 1844­1877 As America continued to expand into the west , the country would become further divided as as the nation debated over issues like slavery as new territory was gained. ­Compromise of 1850 ­Wilmot proviso ­Free soilers ­Henry Clay PERIOD SIX 1865­1898 Because of oppressive governments, religious persecution, civil wars and economic issues there was an influx of new immigrants from both Europe and Asia that would lead to immigration restriction and regulation. ­Quota system ­Chinese exclusion Act ­Nativism ­American dream PERIOD SEVEN, P1 1898­1919 Westward migration was encouraged as a result of the growth of the conservationist movement during the early 1900s with the creation of national parks that displayed and advertised beauty of nature in the west as well as providing new jobs. ­Teddy Roosevelt ­Yellow Stone 1872 ­Antique Act 1906 ­National Park Service PERIOD SEVEN, P2 1920­1945 As a result of WWI the US became more internally focused as feelings of nativism grew and heavily influenced the country's view on foreigners and caused an increase in restrictions on immigration. ­1st Red Scare ­Quota System ­Emergency Immigration Quota Act ­National Origins Act PERIOD EIGHT/NINE 1945­PRESEN T As a result of the start of the Cold War the US was overcome with Red Scare and allowed soviet fear to influence the nation's outlook on immigration. ­1952 Mccarren­Walter immigration and Nationality Act ­McCarthy ­Quota system ­HUAAC THEME: GEOGRAPHY AND THE ENVIRONMENT PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 As a result of the Great Ice Age which allowed for the uncovering of land which natives were able to cross as they followed animal herds from asia and became the first to discover north america. ­Bering Sea ­Nomads ­’land bridge’ ­Glasure PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 As a result of increased disputes between France and Britain over land and resources in the Ohio River Valley, the US colonies would enter with britain into the seven years war against the french and some natives which would cause the colonies to start desiring more independence from the tightening grip of britain. ­French and Indian War ­Salutary Neglect ­Proclamation act 1963 ­George the 3rd PERIOD FOUR, As a result of the country's newly gained confidence and status after the war of 1812, the US P1 was eager to gain more territory and looked to the west as we made deals with other nations 1800­1824 to fulfill the desire to gain the use its many natural riches and resources. ­Louisiana Purchase ­Rush­bagot treaty ­boundaries convention 1818 ­Missouri Compromise PERIOD FOUR, After the election of jackson there were increased tensions between Americans and native P2 americans as US settlers began to expand into indian territory in search of land, gold and 1824­1848 other natural riches which resulted in the creation of new indian removal policies. ­Black Hawk's War ­Cherokee Nation V. Georgia ­Trail of tears ­Seminal War PERIOD FIVE 1844­1877 Due to the warm weather and tropical environment of the southern states, the economy of the South was completely based and dependent on the growing of cash crops which were heavily worked by slaves and caused slavery to exponentially grow and harshen which would lead to furthering tensions between whites/slaveholders and slaves. ­Tobacco ­Slave uprisings ­Cotton ­”Positive Good” PERIOD SIX 1865­1898 As a result of the completion of the transcontinental RR America's westward migration would kick into full swing as the country entered into multiple conflicts with native tribes over land and resources. ­Mass hanging 1862 ­Battle of Little Bighorn ­General Custard ­The Battle of Wounded Knee PERIOD SEVEN, P1 1898­1919 As a result of the closing of the western frontier, the US would enter into a state of imperialism as it looked for new territory to annex and profit from which would lead to conflicts with Hawaii, European nations as well as Latin American. ­White man's burden ­Annexation of Hawaii 1898 ­Samoa 1878 ­Exports PERIOD SEVEN, P2 1920­1945 PERIOD EIGHT/NINE 1945­PRESEN T THEME: AMERICA IN THE WORLD PERIOD ONE/TWO: 1491­1754 As a result of European discovery of North America, there would be the creation of new economic and trade systems between the New world and the Old world that would increase competition between European nations by encouraging the further colonization of North America. ­Columbian exchange ­Treaty of tordesillas ­Triangle trade ­Mercantilism PERIOD THREE 1754­1800 As a result of the Seven Years War Britain began to tighten its grip and control over the colonies which would cause the desire for independence to grow and eventually lead to the colonies breaking away from Britain and creating a new nation under the constitution. ­Revolutionary War ­Bill of Rights ­Salutary neglect ­Boston tea party PERIOD FOUR, As a result of the british practice of impressment against US sailors the US would enter in the P1 war of 1812 which result in the US’s gaining of increased world status and respect as well as 1800­1824 providing the nation with a sense of pride and nationalism. ­Era of Good Feelings ­Violation of neutrality ­Battle of Lak...
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