February 10, 1763: Treaty of Paris
The Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War
North America, granting the Britain control of all land to the east of the Mississippi River.
Spring - Summer 1763: Pontiac
's War Begins
An Indian leader, Pontiac, led Ottawa Indians in
attacks against British forts near the Great Lakes, eight of which they sacked successfully.
However, the British ultimately prevailed, and the Indians were forced to make peace.
October 7, 1763: King George III
signs the Proclamation of 1763
The Proclamation of 1763
declared that all land transactions made to the west of the Appalachian crest would be governed
by the British government rather than by the colonies.
April 5, 1764: The Sugar Act
The Sugar Act lowered the import tax on foreign
molasses in an attempt to deter smuggling, and placed a heavy tax on Madeira wine, which had
traditionally been duty-free. The act mandated that many commodities shipped from the colonies
had to pass through Britain before going to other European countries.
March 1765: The Stamp Act
To be enacted on November 1, 1765, the Stamp Act
required all colonists to purchase watermarked, taxed paper for use in newspapers and legal
documents. The Stamp Act was the first internal tax ever imposed on the colonies by Parliament
and aroused great opposition.
March 24, 1765: The Quartering Act
The Quartering Act required colonial
legislatures to pay for certain supplies for British troops stationed in each colony. The Quartering
Act became controversial during 1766, when New York refuses to comply with it.
May 30, 1765: The Virginia House of Burgesses passes the Virginia Resolves
Resolves denied Parliament's right to tax the colonies under the Stamp Act, igniting opposition to
the act in other colonial assemblies.
October 7, 1765: The Stamp Act Congress
Meets in New York City
The colonial legislatures
sent representatives to New York, where they agreed broadly that Parliament had no right to tax
the colonies or to deny colonists a fair trial.
March 4, 1766: The Stamp Act is Repealed
In response to colonial resistance, Parliament
repealed the Stamp Act, and passed the Declaratory Act
on March 18, which states that
Parliament may legislate for the colonies in all cases.
July 2, 1767: The Townshend duties
The Townshend duties was the popular name
for the collected import taxes imposed by the Revenue Act of 1767. The Revenue Act taxed glass,
lead, paint, paper, and tea entering the colonies. The duties were clearly passed in an effort to
raise revenue for the British treasury rather than to regulate trade.
December 1767 John Dickinson
Letters From a Pennsylvania Farmer
series of twelve letters are published in almost every colonial newspaper. The letters exhorted
Americans to resist the Townshend duties, enumerating the political arguments against the
constitutionality of the Revenue Act.
February 11, 1768: Circular Letter Adopted by the Massachusetts House of Representatives