Week 6 Opiates, Hallucinogens, and Psychothx

Week 6 Opiates, Hallucinogens, and Psychothx - This...

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This week (Week Six): Opiates Hallucinogens Psychotherapeutics
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Objectives (Part I) Describe how opium is obtained from poppies. Describe the relationship of heroin to morphine and the relationship of opium to morphine and codeine. Describe how the “typical” opioid abuser has changed from 1900 to present. Know the major source countries for heroin historically and at present.
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Objectives (cont.) Describe how opiate antagonists block the effects fo opiates. Recognize that endorphins and enkephalins are endogenous opioids. Describe current medical uses for opioids. Describe typical Opioid withdrawal syndrome. Explain how people die from opioid overdose. Describe the typical method for preparing and injecting illicit heroin.
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A brief history… http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e_MkLvsltT
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The Changing Face of Opiate Users At the turn of the century (1900’s), the typical user was a 30-60 y.o. white woman who used the substance orally through mail order or physician-prescribed means Estimates state that about 1% or more of the population was addicted to opiates
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The Harrison Act of 1914 Didn’t make opiate users or addicts criminals —simply required them to get their supplies through a physician Pressure mounted on physicians to reduce prescribing By 1922, the only place to get opiates (outside of a hospital) was through an illegal dealer
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Balance Point
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