March 26, 2008

March 26, 2008 - March 26, 2008 White Collar Crime...

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March 26, 2008 White Collar Crime Definition Problem o FBI: “those illegal acts which are characterized by deceit, concealment or violation of trust which are not dependent upon the application or threat of physical force or violence. Individuals and organizations commit these acts to obtain money, property or services; to avoid the payment or loss of money or services or to secure personal or business advantage” Data Problem o No good data! o NIBRS: Bribery, Counterfeiting/Forgery, Embezzlement and Fraud (false pretenses/swindle/confidence game; credit card/ATM fraud, impersonation, welfare fraud, wire fraud Group B: Bad checks, Tax law, health and safety, environmental law violations—not much information NIBRS was developed with/for local an state law enforcement agencies (local agencies don’t deal very much with white collar crime as federal agencies do—not organized to collect date on white collar crime) Much policing left to regulatory agencies and professional associations (ex.: Environmental agencies deal with the problem, OSHA, American Bar Associations—professional organizations often deal with professional agencies than the criminal justice system—punishments are not jail time but they are revocations of licenses or fines, etc.) Reluctance to report (agencies do not have to report the cases as white collar crime to the FBI; companies are also reluctant to report due to damage to their reputations, etc.) A lot of white collar crimes are not discovered until long after they’ve occurred so they are more difficult to report or record Classification Problem o Upperworld vs. Ordinary Upperworld - wealthy respectable individual committing a large- scale corporate crime that ends up harming hundreds or thousands of people—offender is the CEO and tends to maintain a distance
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March 26, 2008 - March 26, 2008 White Collar Crime...

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