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Unformatted text preview: March 3, 2008 Drugs And Crime (cont’d.) And Control Theories • D.A.R.E. o No difference in drug use over five years of DARE and non-DARE youth o In fact, mandatory DARE programs may further alienate socially deviant youth, increasing their likelihood of drug use • Drug Use o National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2003) o 19.5 million (8.2%) Americans over 12 used illegal drugs in past month o Of those, 55% were marijuana only, 20% were mariuana plus, 25% were other drug only o 18-20 have highest rates of drugs in past months (20%) o College educated more likely to have ever tried drugs; high school dropouts have highest abuse rates o ¾ of all current drug are employed; but the unemployed have twice the rate of drug use o Drugs more readily available in public than private schools; but no difference in race or location o According to the chart of Illicit Drug Use in Last Year Among 12h Graders: most drink alcohol but is decreasing, marijuana peaks in 1970s and has gone up steadily since 1993, cocaine higher in 80’s goes down after, extasy has a little blip at the end (first appears in 1996) o Drug Abuse Warning Network: gathers data by looking at 1. Emergency room visits and the percentage of drug-related health problems Cocaine and heroin related ER visits and deaths quadrupled in the 1980s, and are still rising (numbers suggest 2 problems: 1. Casual drug use and 2. Drug addiction) • Drug Eras o Heroin Generation (1960s-early 1970) Peak in 1968 Those born between 1946 and 1955 (Vietnam vets, etc.) Centrally controlled public markets Not a ton of policing—more treatment, though also harsh sentences Dealers had decent relations with neighbors (tended to not be very violent or crime-prone—not upsetting neighborhoods like some drugs do) Most crime was stealing to get money for drugs No guns-mostly knives, baseball bats o Cocaine/Crack Generation (1970s-1980s) Peak in 1988 People born 1956-1969...
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course SOC 441 taught by Professor Professor during the Spring '06 term at University of Wisconsin.
- Spring '06