PoliLecture03 - October 1 2007 nbMedia 1 Concept of a free...

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October 1, 2007 nbMedia 1. Concept of a free press a. The press is not charged for libel and slander for the most part b. Free to produce as long as it doesn’t interfere with national security c. Critical for a democracy to keep citizens informed d. Able to influence policy e. Press plays as a watchdog f. How does an administration control the press i. Favoritism ii. Appeals to patriotism iii. Charm and cajolery 2. The diversity of sources available to the public a. Diverse sources i. TV, cable tv, radio, talk radio, Newspapers, magazines, internet b. Narrowcasting vs. broadcasting i. Narrow- only focusing on a selective group c. Media conglomeration d. Concentration of serious media i. NY Times, Washington Post etc ii. Main line sources are decreasing 3. Is the media liberal or conservative a. Owners vs. Reporters i. Reporters liberal owners conservative 4. How does the media influence how we see things a. Agenda setting-what is important i. Determining what we see as important b. Framing i. Defining the way we look at something c. Priming i. Emphasizing various attributes as worthy of attention 5. Individual Processing of media information a. How the Democrats and Republicans see certain topics differently b. Differential Awareness i. Some people pay much closer attention than others c. Motivated Perception i. We often see what we want to see 6. Money and the media a. Sixty Minutes and the view that TV news could be profitable i. When Tv stations realized news could be profitable b. Scandal, Melodrama, and horse race: news as entertainment c. The urgent versus the important
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October 1, 2007 7. Incentives of journalists a. Air time/ column space and notoriety b. Prestige c. Talking head versus reporter d. Adversarial journalism 8. Journalism is very complex 9. Congress a. What is the basic role of Congress? i. Law Making 1. Lay and collect taxes 2. Borrow money 3. Regulate commerce 4. Establish rules of naturalization 5. Coin money 6. Establish post offices and post roads 7. Confer patents 8. Constitute tribunals inferior to the Supreme Court 9. Provide army, navy, and militia 10. To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution all powers vested in the Gov’t of the US b. How is Congress organized i. Two Chambers 1. Entirely two different representation c. One person, one vote? i. No in the sense that one candidate gets all the votes(unit rule) d. What does it take to get elected i. Is there a seat ii. Open seats elections are much more difficult e. How does Congress operate? i. How does a bill become a law? 1. Proposed in either Senate or House 2. Referred to appropriate committee(assignment controlled by majority party leadership, if it is controversial) 3. Then referred to relevant subcommittee most bills die here. Only about 10% of proposed legislation actually become law 4. In House a. Goes to rules committee (except monetary bills appropriations mostly and some from Ways and Means and other committees where it gets a set of rules, can the bill be amended? How much
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This note was uploaded on 04/27/2008 for the course POLI 100 taught by Professor Rabinowitz during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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PoliLecture03 - October 1 2007 nbMedia 1 Concept of a free...

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