A Working Master - Fichamento.odt

A Working Master - Fichamento.odt - Nome Priscila Aparecida...

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Nome: Priscila Aparecida Custódio / Nº USP: 8567810 / Período: Noturno. Fichamento: Moretti, F. “A Working Master” in The Bourgeois. 1. ADVENTURE, ENTERPRISE, FORTUNA: 1. Weber's “Captalist Adventurer”: Adventure as a risky investment: Defoe’s novel is a monument to the idea, and to its association with ‘the dynamic tendency of capitalism . . . never really to maintain the status quo’ - Pariah Capitalism. 2. Perfect illustration of the adventure-mentality of early modem long-distance trade: risks that were not just high, but incalculable, and, as such, beyond the horizon of rational capitalist enterprise. 3. Warburg: series of images in which Fortuna was progressively losing its demonic traits. Fortune had become ‘calculable and subject to laws’, and, as a result, the old ‘merchant venturer’ had himself turned into the more rational figure of the ‘merchant explorer’. 4. A Robinson's wandring inclinations become a Tale of Sea Adventures versus a Tale of Work on the Land. Defoe's modern myth happens despite its adventures and not because of them. 2. THIS WILL TESTIFY FOR ME THAT I WAS NOT IDLE 1. “Working” Upper Class: work has become the new principle of legitimation of social power. 2. Crusoe's solitary labor hasn't brought him a single pound. His wealth was obteined from the exploitation of nameless slaves in his Brazilian plantation. 3. Industry: Habitual employment in some useful work. 4. From the Capitalist Adventurer to the Working Master - The Protestant Ethic: a history that begins with the ‘capitalist adventurer’, but where the
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