HIST101_FINAL EXAM QUESTIONS - QUESTION 1 4 How did the...

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QUESTION 1 4. How did the Great War for Empire change the relationship between England and its American colonies? The Great War for Empire, also known as the French-Indian War, took place from 1756-1762. Europeans called this worldwide conflict the Seven Years War, because Britain went to war against the French in America (Henretta, 117). The war changed the political, economical, and ideological relations between the American colonies and Britain because of unfair taxation. Britain began imposing taxes on commonly used items and strictly regulated the trade. The political relationship between Britain and American colonists broke up because English colonies conquered this new world. After 1763, new European countries started to colonize in North America which lead to the Proclamation of 1763 issued by King George III on October 7, 1763. The Proclamation of 1763 banned white colonies from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains. “No individuals or groups would be allowed to purchase western lands without the Crown's explicit consent. Whites currently living in the western territory were ordered to vacate their lands” (Zagarri). The colonies were infuriated by the Proclamation and ignored it. They believed that Britain deprived them of their right to be free; instead Britain’s idea of the Proclamation was to prevent further conflict. This disagreement changed the relationship between the colonists and the British government. Additionally, Britain’s desertion of their salutary neglect policy was an another political change. After the French-Indian War, England was left with deep debt and began to impose taxes on commonly used items and strictly regulated trade. Due to the sudden taxation and new trade regulations the relationship between the American colonies and England broke down and the colonies felt it was an unjust taxation, which added to their resentment. Likewise the political changes, the increased taxation and new regulations influenced the economical relationship between the two as well. The American colonies were used to ship their raw materials to Britain for further production, only to later purchase the finished product, but the mercantilism was broken, when the colonies decided to fight back. In 1765, British Parliament passed the Stamp Act; a new tax which required all American colonist to pay a tax on every printed paper, such as newspapers, legal documents, licenses, and other publication (Henretta, 137-138). The colonies did not accept this new tax and started to boycott British importation and consumption. Benjamin Franklin proposed to give the American colonies representation in Parliament if the British chose to tax them. With this act and the "Taxation without Representation" the economical relationship between the colonies and England was further harmed.

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