Hobbes Day I

Hobbes Day I - Western Political Thought Hobbes: Day I...

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Western Political Thought 1/29/08 Hobbes: Day I How is Hobbes being driven to this new approach to knowledge How much is he being driven by his own moral concerns? o Religiously war torn Europe Introduction God created Nature Man is part of Nature Man created the Leviathan/Sovereign/State (political institutions) o The Leviathan is the soul of life Gives us laws, security and wealth o There is no political institutions at the time that would really constitute this State Hobbes will strip us down to our most basic qualities and most important passions o Hobbes is a revolutionary because he wants to build and base the regime of the future on the passions of the majority Why do we agree to have this type of state? Our job is to understand the meaning of the laws of Nature that God left us, not the meaning of God Background of Hobbes Well known scientist and doctor at Oxford Made the original translation of Thucydides into English Hung out in Cartesian Circles Peak writing period between the ages 65 – 85 Tutor to King Charles II Refused to take a side of in the civil war Wrote for the ages, not the contemporary All his books were burned by Christians and Protestants He posits the theory of inalienable life o Argues that freedom lies in the private sphere o The more private life, the more free it is Human will is the foundation of political orders Mix between liberalism and authoritarianism
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Hobbes Day I - Western Political Thought Hobbes: Day I...

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