The Family as Context

The Family as Context - The Family as Context URIE...

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The Family as Context  URIE BROFENBRENNER'S ECOLOGICAL THEORY Human development is best understood as a series of changes and accommodations that occur  between an active growing  person  and the  immediate social environment  (including the  family, school, and peer group).  URIE BROFENBRENNER Interactions across Systems Interactions between the adolescent and his/her social environment are also affected by the  larger social context , including the community, culture, nation, and world economic and  political events. To understand development, we must also understand  context Levels of the Environment: Microsystem  * The relationships and interactions an adolescent has with his/her immediate environment. * Structures in the microsystem include the  family, school, and neighborhood.  Mesosytem * Includes links between the structures of the child’s microsystem. * Examples: Relationships between teacher or other school officials and parents.  Relations  between the school and neighborhood structure.  Exosystem  * Adolescent is not necessarily directly exposed to this level of the environment.  * Structures in this layer impact development  by influencing the microsystem.   Example: Workplace schedules for parents.  Macrosystem  * Includes cultural values, customs, and laws. * The macrosystem influences all other aspects of a child’s environment.  Chronosystem  * The historical context.  Some Factors that Drive Increases in Family Conflict  * Cognitive changes in the adolescent * Adolescent’s drive toward autonomy. * Changing roles
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* Life changes faced by parents. * Other challenges to the family unit.  ADOLESCENCE AS A TIME OF STRESS FOR THE FAMILY UNIT  * Parents with adolescents report  less satisfaction  with their marriages than parents of younger  or older children. * Parents of adolescents report relatively 
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course PSYC 338 taught by Professor Lindsey during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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The Family as Context - The Family as Context URIE...

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