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Unformatted text preview: Peer Relationships and Later Risk Clear Evidence for Risk * Aggression * Peer Rejection * Bullying by peers Evidence not as clear * Withdrawal or shyness Changes in the Nature of Peer Relationships over Adolescence * More time spent with Peers * Less adult supervision * More choices over which peers to have as friends. * Friendships are more intimate. * Peer relationships tend to involve larger social systems * Mixed-Gender relationships Assessing Peer Relationships: Peer Nomination Inventories * "This is a list of all the kids in your grade. I want you to take a look at the list, and circle the names of up to kids that you really like a lot. * "Now, I want you to take a look at the list, and pick the names of kids that you don't like that much" Assessing Peer Relationships: Peer Nomination Inventories Pick the names of kids, who fit each of the following descriptors: * Kids who get bullied a lot. * Kids who start fights. * Kids who spread rumors or say means things about other kids. * Kids who would rather play alone than be with other kids. Correlates of Social Outcomes Being Well-liked: * Physical Attractiveness * Social skills * Prosociability * Academic Competence Being Disliked: * Aggression (not for all age groups) * Impulsiveness * Low Social Skills * Low Academic Competence Different Dimensions of Positive Social Relationships * Liking or Acceptance by Peers * Popularity * Friendship Liking and Popularity as Different Dimensions of Social Standing * Liking by peers: Acceptance and positive regard by peers. * Popularity: High visibility and status in the peer group. A form of social dominance. * Well-liked adolescents are not always popular, and many popular adolescents are not well- liked! Correlates of Acceptance and Popularity * Liking by Peers: Attractiveness, social skills, being nice, being helpful and considerate, low in aggression. * Popularity: Assertiveness, some forms of aggression, physical attractiveness, social skills. Longitudinal Study of Popularity and Acceptance in Los Angeles Schwartz, D, Gorman, A.H., Nakamoto, J, & Mckay, T. (2006). Popularity, social acceptance, and aggression in adolescent peer groups: Links with academic performance and school attendance . Developmental Psychology, 42, 1116-1127 . * Study Design: 350 adolescents are followed for four consecutive semesters of high school. * At each semester, we obtained peer nominations for popularity (Who is popular), liking by...
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course PSYC 338 taught by Professor Lindsey during the Spring '07 term at USC.
- Spring '07