Exam1 - Ch.1 Anthropologists study human beings...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ch.1 Anthropologists study human beings Anthropology is the exploration of human diversity in time and space. It sided the whole of the human condition: past, present, and future; biology, society, language, and culture. Humans are among the worlds most adaptable animals Anthropology is much more than the study of nonindustrial peoples: it is a comparative filed that examines all societies, ancient and modern, simple and complex Anthropology offers a unique cross-cultural perspective by constantly comparing the customs of one society with those of others Culture is distinctly human Anthropology confronts and ponders major questions of human existence as it explores human biological and cultural diversity in time and space Humans continue to adapt and change both biologically and culturally Anthropology has four subfields: cultural, archaeological, biological, and linguistic anthropology. Of the subfields, cultural anthropology has the largest membership Adaptation refers to the processes by which organisms cope with environmental forces and stresses, such as those posed by climate and topography or terrains (also called landforms) Anthropologists are known for their close observation of human behavior in natural settings and their focus on diversity. It is typical of the anthropological approach to go right to and live with the local people For millions of years, hunting and gathering of natures bounty (foraging) was the sole basis of human subsistence. It took only a few thousand years for food production. The spread of industrial production has profoundly affected human life. Cultural and archaeological anthropologists study changes in social life and customs. Archaeologists have used studies of living societies and behavior patterns to imagine what life might have been life in the past. Linguist anthropologists may reconstruct the basics of ancient languages by studying modern ones General anthropology explores the basics of human biology, society, and culture and considers their interrelations Culture is a key environmental force in determining how human bodies grow and
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 4

Exam1 - Ch.1 Anthropologists study human beings...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online