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Unformatted text preview: Anedith DeJesús Díaz English 120 Mid-Term Essay March 27, 2008 The Guide and The God of Small Things : Intricate novels for the purposes of theme and character development R.K. Narayan in The Guide uses a linear structure with a more clear style and structure to strengthen the character of Raju and show his progression from a corrupt lifestyle to sainthood. Arundhati Roy in God of Small Things uses a more intricate structure and style to illustrate the complexity of Rahel’s family structure. Although both authors have different styles, they both utilize their techniques for the purpose of character development and theme enhancement. The Guide ’s linear structure is a progression from the past to the present. Raju’s flashbacks reflect his lessons learned. The book starts off where he begins this transformation from criminal to Guru. For instance, when he begins to retell the story his mother once told him he transforms his entire memory to that place. He gives every detail of what happened prior to her telling the story (Narayan 12-13). This takes the reader back in time to get a closer look at what he has experienced. It’s almost like Raju brings the past to the present. Another example of this is when he is a Guru. During the time when he was expected to “starve for fifteen days and stand in knee-deep water eight hours” Raju referred to another saying his mother used to say (Narayan 85-86). Throughout the novel there is a constant play of flashbacks. Narayan also uses this effect to portray him as a child. In addition, Raju’s flashbacks allow the traditional family structure of India to be highlighted. Raju mentions that his father “ignored food and sleep when he had company” (Narayan 12). The father also demands that his wife save him some food so he can eat when he comes in. Raju’s mother was in the house taking care of domestic duties and young Raju. All of these flashbacks are part of Narayan’s style of character development. We see in another flashback, his mother appears as a nag. This builds up her character to prepare the reader for the more complex parts of Raju’s life specifically when her character explodes when Rosie moves in with them. The turmoil begins when Rosie moves in with Raju and his mother. His uncle comes in and tells Raju how he has disgraced his father’s name. His mother again seems helpless to a man hand, but at the same time she is shown as being a nag. The effectiveness of this scene on the reader was developed through flashbacks. This type of progression of characterization is throughout the novel. The flashbacks is the tool to build the characters and the over all theme of the novel. The reader is left to compare Raju’s life through memories and the present and decide whether or not he transforms...
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This note was uploaded on 04/28/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Dunno during the Spring '08 term at UConn.
- Spring '08
- The Bible