6:9 - COM 400.21 Professor Smith Chapter 3 virtue ethics...

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COM 400.21 6/9/16 Professor Smith Chapter 3 virtue ethics has modern application and relevance, but you won’t find a lot of people who disagree with the concept of being virtuous. it’s the least complicated and least controversial of all the ethical systems. more controversy lies in deontological and other types of ethics. Duties & Ethics When is it acceptable to lie? 60% tell at least one lie during a 10-minute conversation; told an average of two- to-three lies (Feldman, 2013) o Could be direct lies, could be untruths, etc. We tend to tell lies to seem likeable or component Women tell lies to make someone else feel good; men tell lies to make themselves look better In Feldman’s study, even participants were surprised by how frequently they lied If you are an EMT, and two ambulances are going to the site of an accident, and the other ambulance gets in a major crash, you are legally required to continue going to the site of the accident. This is a deontological policy. o These rules and laws that govern certain behaviors come from a deontological background Necessary social evil? o “we use lies to grease the wheels of social discouse” (Feldman, 2013) o “it’s socially useful to tell lies” (Feldman, 2013) o a communication ‘tool’ Development of Lying o lying begins early o By the age of 3, most children know how to lie and by 6 most lie a few times per day sometimes not being able to differentiate between reality and fantasy o Experts believe that children learn to lie by watching their parents do it (imitation) o Sometimes parents explicitly tell children to lie don’t say anything about that to ___! o “Many children learn to lie in the same way as they learn to speak” Double standards regarding lying o Politicians and business leaders are (in theory) held of strict lines of accountability o ex: Bill Clinton we expect him to lie, but once he was caught in a lie he was held VERY accountable o ex: Susan Smith
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in the 90s, she made a call to the police saying she was carjacked and someone killed her 3 children. the truth was that she killed her 3 children. she described the perpetrator in detail as an African- American male the case had racial implications, gender implications the lie she told was the headline in the papers o ex: Nixon He knew about Watergate and lied about it, which is why he was in trouble o ex: Bernard Madoff in 2008 when the economy was tanking, Bernie Madoff was taking money from wealthy people, telling people he would invest it, but he essentially just stole the money o ex: Brian Williams anchor for NBC nightly news, but was asked to step down because he said he was in a plane in which he was shot at. he claims as a reporter that many things happened that didn’t happen. lost his job just because of lying
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