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_files_273_273b25e97b15c27201d8be1abd0eeb5c - COM 400.21...

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COM 400.21 6/14/16 Professor Smith Egalitarianism Examine what is fair and equitable Ex: Mayflower Compact – Rejects the divine right of kings; people determined what was equitable to determine law o they came to escape religious oppression and to tap into rich resources o first example of true egalitarianism o for the good o f the community we agree to abide by a certain set of laws o a collectivist idea Contractualism – Agree to follow certain laws for the benefit of ourselves and society o social contract theory – you give up some persona liberties in order to protect society. Social Contract o Thomas Hobbes and John Locke – cooperative contract o Locke assumed that the sole right to defend in the state of nature was not enough, so people established a civil society to resolve conflicts in a civil way with help from government in a state of society o Locke also advocated governmental separation of powers and believed that revolution is not only a right but an obligation in some circumstances. These ideas would come to have profound influence on the Constitution of the United States and its Declaration of Independence John Rawls o Concerned with social justice and how to construct a just society o The Original Position Rational people, who are equal in speech and reason These people are obligated to come together to work out how to build their society o Veil of Ignorance Individuals do not know how they will fare from their construction of that society you take care of every position in case you land there Behind a veil of Ignorance, so they have no idea what their lives will be like Denying anyone good things could result in you being denied that good thing o Difference Principal
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