11-14-06 - China Longest oldest civilization longest...

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China Longest, oldest civilization, longest continually used written language Responsible for paper, compass, gunpowder, and printing 1.3 billion people—over 100 ethnic groups, government only officially recognizes 57 Chinese nation—notion of nationality that transcends ethnic and linguistic differences Sino-Tibetan languages, Mandarin 70% 1912- Republic of China established, late 1920s Nationalist Party unifies country under rule, political tutelage 1937-1945- Chinese and Japanese war, uneasy alliance between Nationalists and Communists 1947- establishment of constitution, 1949- Communists take hold of Mainland China, Nationalists take over Taiwan (still technically at war) 1997- Hong Kong is returned to the People’s Republic of China from Great Britain 3 distinct Chinese nations—3 distinct cinemas Motion pictures shown first in 1896 in China, first Chinese film 1905 (Recording of Beijing Opera) Mostly foreign owned, domestic didn’t take root until 1916, took root in Shanghai
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