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  • brandonlaw27
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Othello: Shakespeare’s Failed Aristotelian TragedyLaw 1Othello: Shakespeare’s Failed Aristotelian TragedyDrama Research PaperENGL 102: Literature and CompositionKarla Law ID# L27008250Spring D 2016Writing Style:APA
Othello: Shakespeare’s Failed Aristotelian TragedyLaw 2Karla LawProfessor: Dr. Sarah HorneEnglish 102May 7, 2016Othello: Shakespeare’s Failed Aristotelian TragedyAristotle is considered one of the greatest philosophers of all time. His wise teachingshave contributed to the way many individuals in modern day societies think. Although he isknown as a very credible source of philosophical information, many are unaware of his highlyrespected theatrical critiquing talents. Aristotle wrote about the many different aspects of theatre,his writings on tragedy are some of his most recognized critiques. Aristotle created his owncriteria for classifying plays as tragedies. William Shakespeare is a famous author from theseventeen century, most commonly known for his ability to write tragedies. For example,Shakespeare’sOthello, The Moor of Veniceis considered one of his greatest tragedies. TodayOthellois one of people’s most favorite drama. It is performed on many different stagesthroughout America. Nevertheless, isOthello, the Moor of Venicea real tragedy when comparedto Aristotle’s definition of tragedy? Although many classify Shakespeare’sOthello, the Moor ofVeniceas a tragedy, it fails to meet all of Aristotle’s tragedy criteria.What is Aristotle’s definition of tragedy and what are the requirements for tragedyclassification?According to Aristotle, “tragedy is an imitation of an action of high importance,complete and of some amplitude; in language enhanced by distinct and varying beauties; actednot narrated; by means of pity and ear effecting in purgation of these emotions (Kennedy &Gioia, 2016).” Aristotle has identified the first characteristic of a tragedy as a protagonist of
Othello: Shakespeare’s Failed Aristotelian TragedyLaw 3outstanding quality and high social position. Ideally the character would be portrayed by a nobleking, queen or someone well respected within society. According to Aristotle, the hero must fallfrom glory in order to be considered a true tragedy. This is due to the fact, that a commonindividual is already considered to be at the bottom. Therefore, royalty and heroes are consideredsuperior to the average person. Consequently, the protagonist must endure a downfall to beconsidered a tragic hero.Therefore, it is key that the main character has a weakness to bring about his or herdestruction. Aristotle refers to the downfall as a hamartia, which is the protagonist error ortransgression of his or her character (Kennedy & Gioia, 2016). The flaw or weakness can consistof gullibility, vanity, pride, or naivety. The blemish is to bring about the central character’s

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