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Unformatted text preview: Film 106A April 5, 2006 American film combination of quality and entertainment contribution of art Art, craft, and economics through studio system Highly personal artistic vision and sociology of the times American/Hollywood Films Artistic/Creative side and Business/Moneymaking side: equation for clash Production, Distribution, and Exhibition Economic powerhouse for the United States worldwide 19 th century developments in science and chemistry allowed for the invention of motion pictures Technology is very important Most entertainment sources were for the educated elite- but movies have been for the mass audience, a part of peoples lives and important to the societies that create them 1890s: movies first seen by the general public Based on preexisting ideas and inventions, not a single person Not moving pictures, really a sequence of still pictures shown rapidly giving an illusion of movement, phenomenon well known Flipbooks- mid 1800s Zoetrope- toy developed in 1867 by Milton Bradley, creates an illusion of movement, common parlor toy kids played wit Still photography predates motion photography Development of chemistry in early 1800s, 1820 first photos, 1830s many successful photography systems available 1861-1865, Civil War photos taken, by then most people could have theyre pictures taken Photo parlors, traveling photographers (itinerant) photography was everywhere 1871, dry plate photography, made it more portable, easier to use Late 1880s, George Eastman innovated amateur photography, anyway can do it 1888, rolled up photo chemical paper, 1889 long piece of plastic (paper would tear) Kodak brownie cameras, mass-produced plastic roll film Edward Maybridge, used existing technology to create motion pictures Celebrity photographer, very well known Leland Stanford, racehorses has all his feet off the ground when galloping, decided to find out using science Hired Maybridge to try to prove it, one single picture couldnt settle the debate 24 cameras in a line, take a rapid succession of pictures with a complete analysis of a horses gallops 1878 free of legal problems, still fascinated by animal locomotion, giving lecture tours on human and animal locomotion illustrated, spin zoetrope showed galloping racehorse- first motion pictures? 1880s- special projected zoetrope, light onto wall France 1880s- Marey Also interested animal locomotion, utilized Maybridges idea Couldnt use trip wires to photographically record the flight of birds Camera gun (invented to record eclipse of the moon), take multiple pictures per seconds Could be the first movie picture camera?...
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